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Bases para un fondo de compensación regional

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Author Info

  • JAIME BONET

    ()

  • JORGE ALVIS

    ()

Abstract

Colombia registra grandes desigualdades en su territorio que se reflejanen los indicadores de desempeño económico y social de sus municipios ydepartamentos. Estas disparidades se mantienen a pesar de que losrecursos que invierte el país en los sectores sociales, principalmentesalud y educación, se han incrementado en los últimos años y que ladescentralización de las últimas décadas ha significado un crecimientosignificativo de los recursos ejecutados por los gobiernos locales. Una delas alternativas de política que ayudaría a corregir la persistencia de lasinequidades regionales es un Fondo de Compensación Regional, quepermita canalizar recursos hacia las zonas rezagadas del país. Estedocumento presenta las bases de lo que sería este fondo, que seconvertiría en la herramienta necesaria para impulsar una equidad real yefectiva entre las regiones, otorgarles igualdad de oportunidades a loscolombianos sin importar su lugar de residencia, fomentar la solidaridadentre los ciudadanos y cumplir con los objetivos propuestos en las metasdel milenio y en el plan Visión Colombia 2019.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 004313.

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Length: 0
Date of creation: 03 Dec 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:004313

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Keywords: Fondo; compensación; regional; desigualdad; equidad;

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  1. Gerson Javier Pérez V & Peter Rowland, 2004. "Políticas económicas regionales: cuatro estudios de caso," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003351, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  2. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
  3. Michele Boldrin & Fabio Canova, 2001. "Inequality and convergence in Europe's regions: reconsidering European regional policies," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 16(32), pages 205-253, 04.
  4. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  5. Ignacio Lozano & Jorge Ramos & Hernán Rincón, 2007. "Implicaciones Fiscales y Sectoriales de la Reforma a las transferencias Territoriales en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002816, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  6. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo B. & Jorge Ramos F., 2006. "¿Hacia dónde se dirigen los recursos de Inversión del Presupuesto General de la Nación," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003810, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  7. Martin, Philippe, 1998. "Public Policies, Regional Inequalities and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1841, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Ricardo Rocha & Alejandro Vivas, 1998. "Crecimiento regional en Colombia: ¿Persiste la desigualdad?," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  9. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Fiscal decentralization and regional income disparities: evidence from the Colombian experience," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 661-676, August.
  10. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3541, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  12. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
  13. Birchenall Jiménez Javier Arturo, 1997. "Convergencia regional: una revisión del caso colombiano," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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Cited by:
  1. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo meisel R., 2010. "Fondo de Compensación Regional: Igualdad de oportunidades para la periferia colombiana," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 006634, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  2. William R. Baca M., 2009. "Las visiones sobre instituciones y desarrollo regional en el Caribe colombiano: Un debate en marcha," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.

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