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La descentralización y las disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia en la década de 1990

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  • Juan David Barón Rivera

    ()

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

Abstract

La década de 1990 fue de profundos cambios para la economía colombiana y las instituciones que la rigen, muchos de ellos son fruto de la Constitución de 1991, como ocurre con la descentralización fiscal. En este trabajo estudiamos el proceso de descentralización colombiano durante la década de 1990 desde una óptica regional, y haciendo especial énfasis en las disparidades tanto económicas como en las transferencias de recursos a las regiones. Además, se presenta la evidencia que muestra que durante la primera década de la descentralización introducida por la Constitución de 1991 aumentaron las disparidades económicas territoriales en Colombia. También se ilustra cómo las transferencias fiscales no contribuyeron a reducir esa inequidad. Para finalizar, se hace una propuesta inicial de un Fondo de Compensación para combatir las profundas inequidades regionales en Colombia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 002975.

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Length: 82
Date of creation: 31 Jul 2003
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002975

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Keywords: Descentralización;

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References

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  1. Ana María Iregui & Jorge Ramos & Luz Amparo Saavedra, 2001. "Análisis De La Descentralización Fiscal En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 001984, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Anwar Shah, 1996. "A Fiscal Need Approach to Equalization," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 22(2), pages 99-115, June.
  3. Fabio SÁNCHEZ TORRES, 2001. "Evaluación de la descentralización municipal. Descentralización y macroeconomía," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002632, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  4. Juan José Echavarría & Carolina Rentería & Roberto Steiner, 2002. "Decentralization and Bailouts in Colombia," IDB Publications 5578, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Krugman, Paul & Elizondo, Raul Livas, 1996. "Trade policy and the Third World metropolis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 137-150, April.
  6. Anwar Shah, 2014. "Fiscal federalism and macroeconomic governance : for better or for worse?," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 15(1), pages 200-240, May.
  7. Ligia Melo B. & Roberto Junguito B. & Martha Misas A., 1995. "La Descentralización Fiscal Y La Política Macroeconómica," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002973, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  8. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Michael Smart & Juan Gonzalo Zapata Giraldo, 2002. "Intergovernmental transfers and municipal finance in Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002915, FEDESARROLLO.
  9. Gil, Carlos & Ezcurra, Roberto & Pascual, Padro & Rapun, Manuel, 2002. "Decentralization and regional economic disparities," ERSA conference papers ersa02p306, European Regional Science Association.
  10. Ignacio Lozano, . "Colombia's Public Finance in the 1990s: A Decade of Reforms, Fiscal Imbalance and Debt," Borradores de Economia 174, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  11. Jaime Bonet Morón & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "La convergencia Regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo, 1926-1995," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002955, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  12. Juan Camilo Chaparro & Michael Smart & Juan Gonzola Zapata, 2004. "Intergovernmental Transfers and Municipal Finance in Colombia," International Tax Program Papers 0403, International Tax Program, Institute for International Business, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.
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Cited by:
  1. Ignacio Lozano & Jorge Ramos & Hernán Rincón, 2007. "Implicaciones Fiscales y Sectoriales de la Reforma a las transferencias Territoriales en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002816, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Fiscal decentralization and regional income disparities: evidence from the Colombian experience," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 661-676, August.
  3. Gerson Javier Pérez Valbuena, 2012. "Primera versión de la Política de Seguridad Democrática: Se cumplieron los objetivos?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 009385, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  4. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Desequilibrios regionales en la política de descentralización en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002293, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  5. Fabio Sanchez Torres & Irina Espa–a Eljaiek & Jannet Zenteno Gonzalez, 2012. "Sub-national Revenue Mobilization in Latin American and Caribbean Countries: The Case of Colombia," Research Department Publications 4820, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo meisel R., 2010. "Fondo de Compensación Regional: Igualdad de oportunidades para la periferia colombiana," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 006634, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.

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