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La descentralización y las disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia en la década de 1990

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  • Juan David Barón Rivera

    ()

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

Abstract

La década de 1990 fue de profundos cambios para la economía colombiana y las instituciones que la rigen, muchos de ellos son fruto de la Constitución de 1991, como ocurre con la descentralización fiscal. En este trabajo estudiamos el proceso de descentralización colombiano durante la década de 1990 desde una óptica regional, y haciendo especial énfasis en las disparidades tanto económicas como en las transferencias de recursos a las regiones. Además, se presenta la evidencia que muestra que durante la primera década de la descentralización introducida por la Constitución de 1991 aumentaron las disparidades económicas territoriales en Colombia. También se ilustra cómo las transferencias fiscales no contribuyeron a reducir esa inequidad. Para finalizar, se hace una propuesta inicial de un Fondo de Compensación para combatir las profundas inequidades regionales en Colombia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 002975.

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Length: 82
Date of creation: 31 Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002975

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  1. Juan José Echavarría Soto & Carolina Rentería & Roberto Steiner, 2000. "Decentralization and Bailouts in Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002252, FEDESARROLLO.
  2. Ana María Iregui & Jorge Ramos & Luz Amparo Saavedra, 2001. "Análisis De La Descentralización Fiscal En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 001984, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Anwar Shah, 1996. "A Fiscal Need Approach to Equalization," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 22(2), pages 99-115, June.
  4. Jaime Bonet Morón & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "La convergencia Regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo, 1926-1995," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002955, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  5. Anwar Shah, 2008. "Fiscal federalism and macroeconomic governance : for better or for worse?," CEMA Working Papers 584, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  6. Gil, Carlos & Ezcurra, Roberto & Pascual, Padro & Rapun, Manuel, 2002. "Decentralization and regional economic disparities," ERSA conference papers ersa02p306, European Regional Science Association.
  7. Raul Livas Elizondo & Paul Krugman, 1992. "Trade Policy and the Third World Metropolis," NBER Working Papers 4238, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Juan Camilo Chaparro & Michael Smart & Juan Gonzola Zapata, 2004. "Intergovernmental Transfers and Municipal Finance in Colombia," International Tax Program Papers 0403, International Tax Program, Institute for International Business, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.
  9. Fabio SÁNCHEZ TORRES, 2001. "Evaluación de la descentralización municipal. Descentralización y macroeconomía," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002632, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  10. Ignacio Lozano, . "Colombia's Public Finance in the 1990s: A Decade of Reforms, Fiscal Imbalance and Debt," Borradores de Economia 174, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  11. Ligia Melo B. & Roberto Junguito B. & Martha Misas A., 1995. "La Descentralización Fiscal Y La Política Macroeconómica," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002973, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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Cited by:
  1. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Desequilibrios regionales en la política de descentralización en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002293, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  2. Ignacio Lozano & Jorge Ramos & Hernán Rincón, 2007. "Implicaciones Fiscales y Sectoriales de la Reforma a las transferencias Territoriales en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002816, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Gerson Javier Pérez Valbuena, 2012. "Primera versión de la Política de Seguridad Democrática: Se cumplieron los objetivos?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 009385, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  4. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Irina España Eljaiek & Jannet Zenteno, 2012. "Sub-national Revenue Mobilization in Latin American and Caribbean Countries: The Case of Colombia," IDB Publications 78579, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Fiscal decentralization and regional income disparities: evidence from the Colombian experience," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 661-676, August.
  6. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo meisel R., 2010. "Fondo de Compensación Regional: Igualdad de oportunidades para la periferia colombiana," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 006634, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.

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