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El legado colonial como determinante del ingreso per cápita departamental en Colombia

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  • Jaime Bonet

    ()

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo utiliza los aportes teóricos y empíricos de la reciente literatura internacional sobre los determinantes del crecimiento económico de largo plazo, para explicar el origen histórico de las enormes desigualdades económicas regionales que caracterizan a Colombia. Los resultados indican que la geografía y la cultura no son un determinante directo de las diferencias en el ingreso per cápita regional. Sin embargo, la geografía tuvo un papel indirecto a través de su influencia en los patrones de poblamiento durante el período colonial. Si bien las estimaciones econométricas muestran la enorme influencia del legado colonial sobre las diferencias actuales en los ingresos departamentales, no es claro si el efecto ocurre vía las instituciones o el capital humano. Cualquiera que sea el canal de influencia, las recomendaciones de política apuntan a considerar que la inversión en capital humano sería la estrategia adecuada para fomentar la prosperidad económica de largo plazo en todo el territorio.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 002520.

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Length: 61
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002520

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Keywords: Geografía; instituciones; desigualdad; desarrollo económico; ingreso departamental;

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Cited by:
  1. Mónica María Sinisterra Rodríguez., 2009. "Dependencia de la historia en la determinación del capital social, herencia colonial y cambio institucional: el caso caucano," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID.
  2. Adolfo Meisel Roca & Gerson Javier Pérez V, 2006. "Geografía física y poblamiento en la Costa Caribe colombiana," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002767, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  3. Gustavo Rodríguez Albor, 2010. "Calidad de las instituciones y su relación," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
  4. Summerhill, William, 2010. "Colonial Institutions, Slavery, Inequality, and Development: Evidence from São Paulo, Brazil," MPRA Paper 22162, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. E.A. Haddad & J. Bonet & G.J.D. Hewings & F.S. Perobelli, 2009. "Spatial aspects of trade liberalization in Colombia: A general equilibrium approach," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(4), pages 699-732, November.
  6. Jaime Bonet Morón, 2007. "¿Por qué es pobre el Chocó?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 004306, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  7. William R. Baca M., 2009. "Las visiones sobre instituciones y desarrollo regional en el Caribe colombiano: Un debate en marcha," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
  8. Naritomi, Joana & Soares, Rodrigo R. & Assunção, Juliano J., 2012. "Institutional Development and Colonial Heritage within Brazil," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 72(02), pages 393-422, June.
  9. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2007. "La Guajira y el mito de las regalías redentoras," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 004301, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  10. Maloney, William F. & Caicedo, Felipe Valencia, 2012. "The persistence of (subnational) fortune : geography, agglomeration, and institutions in the new world," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6187, The World Bank.
  11. Néstor Garza, 2008. "La Distribución Del Ingreso Y Las Economías Del Caribe Colombiano," ECONOMÍA, GESTIÓN Y DESARROLLO 005230, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - CALI.
  12. Boris Branisa & Adriana Cardozo, 2009. "Revisiting the Regional Growth Convergence Debate in Colombia Using Income Indicators," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 194, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research, revised 21 Aug 2009.
  13. Álvaro Albán Moreno, 2008. "El origen colonial de las diferencias del desarrollo entre países: el neoinstitucionalismo e Hispanoamérica," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 10(19), pages 235-264, July-Dece.
  14. Bruhn, Miriam & Gallego, Francisco A., 2008. "Good, bad, and ugly colonial activities : studying development across the Americas," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4641, The World Bank.
  15. Jaime Bonet & Eduardo A. Haddad & Geoffrey J.D. Hewings & Fernando S. Perobelli, 2008. "Efectos regionales de una mayor liberación comercial en Colombia: Una estimación con el Modelo CEER," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 005004, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  16. Joana Naritomi & Rodrigo R. Soares & Juliano J. Assunção, 2007. "Rent Seeking and the Unveiling of 'De Facto' Institutions: Development and Colonial Heritage within Brazil," NBER Working Papers 13545, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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