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Democracia Y Mercado

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  • MANUEL JAÉN GARCÍA

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Abstract

RESUMEN En este trabajo se realiza un breve recorrido por la senda de la convivencia entre un sistema político democrático y una economía basada en la iniciativa privada, que aunque presenta compatibilidades, también hace necesaria la intervención del Estado para resolver las crisis y las inequidades provocadas por el devenir del mercado. Con el término democracia se hará referencia al predominio de los individuos en la vida política, y a un contexto de amplia libertad de elección, información y expresión. Por mercado se entenderá, a la manera clásica, un conjunto de compradores y vendedores que se interrelacionan de forma física o no, posibilitando realizar intercambios. Se analizan, en primer lugar, las condiciones políticas adecuadas para un eficiente funcionamiento de los sistemas económicos y para el logro de un crecimiento que garantice la seguridad material; luego se observará la forma de lograr los objetivos de eficiencia y equidad en un sistema con economía de mercado a través, fundamentalmente, de la intervención pública. Se llama la atención sobre el deber ser del predominio de lo político sobre lo económico, para evitar no sólo las crisis económicas, sino también la inactividad del pueblo en las decisiones políticas la cual hace posible, por ejemplo, la existencia de regímenes dictatoriales. ABSTRACT In this paper, I realize a brief trip by the coexistence way between a democratic system and a economic being based on private iniciative. I consider the need of state intervention to resolve the crisis and the inequalities provoked by the market. Whit "democracy" I refer to the prevalence of the people in politic life and a great freedom to elect, to get information and to express the own opinion. With "marketplace" I understand, to the classic way, a set of sellers and buyers interrelated to realize exchanges. I study, on first place, the adequate politic conditions to an efficient functioning of the economic system and a growth that it guarantees the material security; after, I consider the way to achieve the targets of efficiency and equity in a system with market economy through of public intervention. I consider the need of prevalence of the political under the economic thing, to achieve the people activity in the politic issues and to prevent the economic crisis and the being of dictatorial regimes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - CALI in its series ECONOMÍA, GESTIÓN Y DESARROLLO with number 005235.

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Length: 147
Date of creation: 25 Feb 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000097:005235

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Keywords: Palabras clave: Democracia; mercado; intervención estatal.Key words: Democracy; marketplace; estate intervention;

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  1. James Tobin, 1978. "A Proposal for International Monetary Reform," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 4(3-4), pages 153-159, Jul/Oct.
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