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El desempleo en Pereira: ¿sólo cuestión de remesas?

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Author Info

  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Paola Montenegro

    ()

  • Nataly Obando

    ()

Abstract

Este documento tiene como objetivo establecer las causas que han llevado a Pereira a ubicarse como la ciudad con la tasa de desempleo más alta, entre las 13 principales ciudades de Colombia. Para ello, se presentan estimaciones econométricas de modelos de participación y demanda laboral, utilizando información de las 13 principales ciudades y sus áreas metropolitanas reportadas en la Encuesta Continua de Hogares para los períodos 2001:01 a 2006:06 y la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares para los períodos 2006:07 a 2009:12. Nuestros resultados indican que, en buena medida, la alta tasa de desempleo de Pereira se explica por la crisis de España ya que su tasa de desempleo y las remesas que provienen de allí afectan la probabilidad de participar en el mercado de trabajo de Pereira. Desde el punto de vista de la demanda de trabajo, los aumentos del salario mínimo pueden ser incompatibles con el bajo nivel educativo de la población y hacer que la mano de obra parezca costosa en relación con su productividad.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 007871.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 23 Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:007871

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Keywords: Tasa de desempleo; remesas; educación; salario mínimo.;

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References

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  1. David Aldana & Luis Eduardo Arango, 2007. "Participación laboral en Ibagué," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003314, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Mauricio Cárdenas & Carlos Medina & Andrés Trejos, 2010. "Measuring Economic and Social Impacts of Migration in Colombia: New evidence," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006986, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Luis Eduardo Arango Thomas & Mónica Alexandra Gómez & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2009. "La demanda de trabajo formal en Colombia: determinantes e implicaciones de política," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005518, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  4. Lina Cardona Sosa & Carlos Medina, 2006. "Migration as a Safety Net and Effects of Remittances on Household Consumption: The Case of Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003219, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  5. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Maloney, William F., 2001. "How comparable are labor demand elasticities across countries?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2658, The World Bank.
  6. Carlos Medina & Cristhian Manuel Posso, 2009. "Colombian and South American Immigrants in the United States of America: Education Levels, Job Qualifications and the Decision to Go Back Home," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005758, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  7. Luis Arango & Carlos Posada, 2005. "Labour participation in Colombia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(16), pages 1829-1838.
  8. Ximena Cadena Ordóñez & Mauricio Cárdenas Santa María, 2004. "Las Remesas en Colombia: costos de transacción y lavado de dinero," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 003127, FEDESARROLLO.
  9. Gronau, Reuben, 1973. "The Effect of Children on the Housewife's Value of Time," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages S168-99, Part II, .
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Nataly Obando & Carlos Esteban Posada, . "Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 666, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Camilo Alberto Cárdenas Hurtado & María Alejandra Hernández Montes & Jhon Edwar Torres Gorron, 2014. "An Exploratory Analysis of Heterogeneity on Regional Labour Markets and Unemployment Rates in Colombia: An MFACT approach," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 011122, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Perfil económico del Eje Cafetero. Un análisis con miras a la competitividad territorial
    [Economic profile of Eje Cafetero. An analysis towards territorial competitiveness]
    ," MPRA Paper 43873, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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