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Inflation Targeting, Reserves Accumulation, and Exchange Rate Management in Latin America

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  • Roberto Chang

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Abstract

This paper examines whether central banks in Latin America have implemented conventionalinflation targeting (IT) prescriptions, with a focus on foreign exchange intervention and officialreserves accumulation policies. To this end, the paper reviews the experiences of Brazil, Chile,Colombia, and Peru, and finds significant departures from the dominant theory of IT. Foreignexchange intervention has often been used to prevent excessive financial volatility, bubbles, andpanics. Ongoing patterns of reserves accumulation have been the outcome of an effort to buildwar chests" against speculative attacks and, more recently, of a fight against real exchangeappreciation. Possible justifications of the discrepancies between conventional IT theory andpractice are discussed and generally found unsatisfactory."

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 004518.

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Length: 78
Date of creation: 14 Feb 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:004518

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Keywords: Inflation Targeting; Exchange Rate Policy; International Reserves.;

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  25. Frederic Mishkin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2002. "A Decade of Inflation Targeting in the World: What Do We Know and What Do We Need to Know?," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Norman Loayza & Raimundo Soto & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series Editor) (ed.), Inflation Targeting: Desing, Performance, Challenges, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 4, pages 171-220 Central Bank of Chile.
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