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Colonial Mestizaje and its Consequences for Human Capital and Early Twentieth Century Regional Industrialization in Colombia

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  • Irina Rosa España E

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  • Irina Rosa España E. y Fabio Sánchez T.

Abstract

This paper quantitatively shows that the 1945 regional differences in the degree of development of manufacturing industry are explained by human capital accumulation prior to industrial development. Human capital accumulation was more intense in the regions with higher presence of non white free population – the “Free of all Colors” caste - at the end of the colonial times. Once the country began industrializing at the beginning of the twentieth century the former “Free of all Colors” regions were better prepared to adapt and to use the industrial technology and hence manufacturing industry rose with greater strength in those regions.

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2012-21.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 010015.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 06 Sep 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000089:010015

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  1. Sánchez, Fabio & López-Uribe, María del Pilar & Fazio, Antonella, 2010. "Land Conflicts, Property Rights, and the Rise of the Export Economy in Colombia, 1850–1925," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 70(02), pages 378-399, June.
  2. Summerhill, William, 2010. "Colonial Institutions, Slavery, Inequality, and Development: Evidence from São Paulo, Brazil," MPRA Paper 22162, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1987. "¿Por qué se disipó el dinamismo industrial de Barranquilla?," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 23, pages 57-84.
  4. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "¿Por qué perdió la costa Caribe el siglo XX?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003823, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  5. Sascha O. Becker & Erik Hornung & Ludger Woessmann, 2011. "Education and Catch-Up in the Industrial Revolution," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(3), pages 92-126, July.
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