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Urbanización, Desarrollo Económico y Pobreza en el Sistema de Ciudades Colombianas 1951-2005

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  • Fabio Sánchez Torres

    ()

  • Irina España E.

    ()

Abstract

La urbanización y desarrollo económico asociado con este proceso experimentó en Colombia un cambio significativo a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Utilizando información de los censos poblacionales en Colombia desde la segunda mitad del siglo XX hasta el año 2005 este documento analiza las tendencias del proceso de urbanización y su relación con las variables asociadas al desarrollo económico y social como la pobreza, cobertura a servicios públicos, precios del suelo, PIB, diversificación y especialización de la producción en las ciudades entre otras. El trabajo muestra que a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XX se incrementó la concentración de la población en las áreas urbanas aunque con grandes diferencias por tamaño y región. Las áreas urbanas presentan una mayor dinámica de sus variables sociales y económicas que se reflejaron en menores niveles de pobreza, mayor cobertura de servicios públicos domiciliarios y de educación así como participación del PIB y de la actividad económica.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 009821.

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Length: 68
Date of creation: 18 Jul 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:009821

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Related research

Keywords: Urbanización; áreas metropolitanas; pobreza; servicios públicos; NBI; PIB.;

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  1. Brakman,Steven & Garretsen,Harry & van Marrewijk,Charles, 2009. "The New Introduction to Geographical Economics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521698030, April.
  2. Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    • Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Gerald Munyoro & John H. Ll Dewhurst, 2010. "The Significance of Identifying Industrial Clusters; The Case of Scotland," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 237, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
  4. Sebastian Galiani & Paul Gertler & Ernesto Schargrodsky, 2005. "Water for Life: The Impact of the Privatization of Water Services on Child Mortality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 83-120, February.
  5. Diego Puga, 2009. "The magnitude and causes of agglomeration economies," Working Papers 2009-09, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales.
  6. Miguel Urrutia Montoya, 2011. "Democracia y Crecimiento Económico en Colombia 1958-2000," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009254, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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