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Competencia en un contexto de consolidación financiera: una aplicación al caso colombiano

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  • Ana María Prieto Ariza

    ()

  • Carolina Tovar Aragón

    ()

  • Alexander Campos Osorio

    ()

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    Abstract

    Con el proceso de consolidación bancaria de los últimos años, el número de entidades financieras ha caído y su cuota de mercado ha aumentado. De acuerdo con la teoría estructural de la organización industrial, un incremento en la concentración de una industria eleva el poder de mercado de los jugadores y presiona al alza la fijación de precios (mark-up). Sin embargo, estudios realizados bajo el Nuevo Enfoque Empírico de la Organización Industrial (NEIO) desvirtúan este paradigma. En este trabajo se utiliza este enfoque para evaluar el grado de competencia de los bancos colombianos en el mercado de crédito entre 1994-2006. La estimación de un modelo no estructural permite concluir que, a pesar de la reciente tendencia de consolidación de la banca, las entidades han mantenido una conducta competitiva y el mercado de crédito en Colombia se ubica en una situación de competencia superior al equilibrio tipo Cournot-Nash. Este resultado es consistente con los hallazgos de otros estudios que han evaluado el grado de competencia bancaria desde el lado de los depósitos.

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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2008-18.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 005109.

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    Length: 64
    Date of creation: 25 Sep 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:col:000089:005109

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    Keywords: concentración; integración; consolidación; contestabilidad; competencia;

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