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Welfare-Based Optimal Monetary Policy in a Two-Sector Small Open Economy

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  • Yuliya Rychalovska
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    Abstract

    The paper analyzes the stabilization objectives of optimal monetary policy and the trade-offs facing the central bank in a two-sector small open economy model obtained as a limiting case of a two-country DSGE framework. We introduce a more complicated economic structure, namely, multiple domestic sectors combined with a variety of exogenous shocks. In addition, our model includes a more general specication of consumers’ preferences than has been considered in the literature so far. As a result, we are able to uncover additional welfare effects specic to the open multi-sectoral economy and make a methodological contribution by deriving a utility-based welfare measure and the optimal reaction function of the central bank. We show that the optimal targeting rule is represented by a complex expression that prescribes the response to the appropriate measure of domestic inflation, sectoral output gaps, as well as to the relevant relative prices. We demonstrate that our model generates an endogenous conflict between the objectives of domestic inflation and real exchange rate stabilization in addition to the inflation-output gap policy trade-off common in the literature. Furthermore, we experiment with alternative simple rules and analyze their ability to replicate the optimal solution.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Czech National Bank, Research Department in its series Working Papers with number 2007/16.

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    Date of creation: Dec 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:cnb:wpaper:2007/16

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    Keywords: DSGE models; non-traded goods; optimal monetary policy; welfare.;

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    1. Giancarlo Corsetti & Paolo Pesenti, 2001. "International dimensions of optimal monetary policy," Staff Reports 124, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    2. Evi Pappa & Zheng Liu, 2005. "Gains from International Monetary Policy Coordination: Does It Pay to Be Different?," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 457, Society for Computational Economics.
    3. Bianca De Paoli, 2004. "Monetary Policy and Welfare in a Small Open Economy," CEP Discussion Papers dp0639, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    4. Benigno, Gianluca & Benigno, Pierpaolo, 2006. "Designing targeting rules for international monetary policy cooperation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 473-506, April.
    5. Tibor Hledik, 2003. "Modelling the Second-Round Effects of Supply-Side Shocks on Inflation," Working Papers 2003/12, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    6. Erceg, Christopher & Levin, Andrew, 2006. "Optimal monetary policy with durable consumption goods," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(7), pages 1341-1359, October.
    7. Sutherland, Alan, 2005. "Incomplete pass-through and the welfare effects of exchange rate variability," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 375-399, March.
    8. Gianluca Benigno & Pierpaolo Benigno, 2003. "Price Stability in Open Economies," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(4), pages 743-764, October.
    9. Pierpaolo Benigno & Michael Woodford, 2004. "Inflation Stabilization and Welfare: The Case of a Distorted Steady State," NBER Working Papers 10838, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Aoki, Kosuke, 2001. "Optimal monetary policy responses to relative-price changes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 55-80, August.
    11. Richard Clarida & Jordi Gali & Mark Gertler, 2001. "Optimal Monetary Policy in Open versus Closed Economies: An Integrated Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 248-252, May.
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