The Black Swan of the Golden Periphery: The Ottoman Empire during the Classical Gold Standard Era
AbstractThis study analyses the functioning of the “gold standard” in the Ottoman Empire during the pre-1914 gold standard era, with specific emphasis on the institutions regulating commodity money and fiat money. It explores the extent to which the Ottoman monetary system was an outlier with reference to the experiences of other peripheral countries. One of the findings reveals considerably limited circulation of notes in the Ottoman Empire even after adherence to the gold standard in 1880. By highlighting the anomalies of the Ottoman case, this paper concludes that the transition from commodity money to fiat money did not take place at the same rate across peripheries during the pre-1914 gold standard era. These differences may be explained by the relative autonomy of the central banks of issue from governments, and in turn may have implied changing degrees of monetary sovereignty and fiscal capacity across the members of the golden periphery.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economic and Social History at the University of Cambridge in its series Working Papers with number 14.
Length: 9800 words
Date of creation: 16 Mar 2013
Date of revision:
gold standard; monetary sovereignty; Ottoman Empire; fiat money;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- N23 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-03-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-ARA-2013-03-30 (MENA - Middle East & North Africa)
- NEP-CWA-2013-03-30 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-HIS-2013-03-30 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-MON-2013-03-30 (Monetary Economics)
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