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Are Joint Negotiations In Standard Stting "Reasonably Necessary"?

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Author Info

  • Gerard Llobet

    ()
    (CEMFI, Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros)

  • Anna Layne-Farrar

    ()
    (LECG)

  • A. Jorge Padilla

    ()
    (LECG)

Abstract

The quote in the title refers to a recurring principle in the Antitrust Guidelines for the Licensing of Intellectual Property, issued jointly by the US Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission in 1995. That report states that “The Agencies” general approach in analyzing a licensing restraint under the rule of reason is to inquire whether the restraint is likely to have anticompetitive effects and, if so, whether the restraint is reasonably necessary to achieve procompetitive benefits that outweigh those anticompetitive effects.” We apply this standard of evaluation to recent proposals for joint licensing negotiations in standard setting contexts, which have been offered as a solution to the problem of opportunistic licensing and patent hold up. We find that, to the contrary, joint negotiations are not “reasonably necessary” to prevent hold up. Instead, other more moderate policy solutions that take advantage of existing institutional features within standard setting bodies have a greater likelihood of preventing hold up without running the risk of anticompetitive licensee collusion that is present with joint negotiations. In particular, we posit that standard setting bodies should set voting rules to obtain majority support in the selection of technologies for a standard and should consider means of encouraging ex ante bilateral negotiations. In addition, competition authorities could focus on the enforcement of non-discriminatory licensing as a means of preventing anticompetitive opportunistic hold up.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEMFI in its series Working Papers with number wp2008_0808.

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Date of creation: May 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cmf:wpaper:wp2008_0808

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Cited by:
  1. Roberto Serrano & Yusuke Kamishiro, 2009. "Equilibrium Blocking In Large Quasilinear Economies," Working Papers wp2009_0911, CEMFI.
  2. Roberto Serrano, 2004. "On Watson’s Non-Forcing Contracts and Renegotiation," Working Papers 2004-03, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  3. Rafael Repullo & Javier Suarez, 2008. "The Procyclical Effects Of Basel Ii," Working Papers wp2008_0809, CEMFI.
  4. Max Bruche, 2009. "Bankruptcy Codes, Liquidation Timing, And Debt Valuation," Working Papers wp2009_0902, CEMFI.

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