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The Flat Tax Reform: A General Equilibrium Evaluation For Spain

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  • Marta González

    ()

  • Josep Pijoan-Mas

    ()
    (CEMFI, Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros)

Abstract

This paper quantifies the macroeconomic and distributional implications of an array of flat tax reforms for Spain. A standard general equilibrium economy with heterogeneous agents is used to infer the behavioral parameters of individuals and to evaluate the impact of the tax reforms. We find that a revenue neutral reform with a marginal tax equal to 17.42% and a fixed deduction equal to 15% of per capita income will yield increases in aggregate consumption and labor productivity equal to 7.6% and 2.5% respectively. Admittedly, this type of reforms also generate increases in the gini indices of after tax income and consumption. However, a revenue neutral flat tax reform with a marginal tax equal to 23.37% and a fixed deduction equal to 35% still displays aggregate gains and has the good property that people in the lowest quintile of wage distribution pay lower taxes and enjoy higher consumption than under the current income tax.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEMFI in its series Working Papers with number wp2005_0505.

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Date of creation: May 2005
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Handle: RePEc:cmf:wpaper:wp2005_0505

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Keywords: Income tax; policy reform; heterogeneous agents; general equilibrium.;

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References

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  1. Becker, Sascha O. & Bentolila, Samuel & Fernandes, Ana & Ichino, Andrea, 2004. "Job Insecurity and Children’s Emancipation," IZA Discussion Papers 1046, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Samuel Bentolila & Juan F. Jimeno, 2003. "Spanish Unemployment: The End of the Wild Ride?," CESifo Working Paper Series 940, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Ana Fernandes, 2005. "Knowledge, Technology Adoption and Financial Innovation," Diskussionsschriften dp0513, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
  4. Elizalde, Abel & Repullo, Rafael, 2004. "Economic and Regulatory Capital: What is the Difference?," CEPR Discussion Papers 4770, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Huggett, Mark, 1993. "The risk-free rate in heterogeneous-agent incomplete-insurance economies," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 17(5-6), pages 953-969.
  6. Andres Almazan & Javier Suarez & Sheridan Titman, 2003. "Stakeholder, Transparency and Capital Structure," NBER Working Papers 10101, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Aleix Calveras & Juan-José Ganuza & Gerard Llobet, 2005. "Regulation And Opportunism: How Much Activism Do We Need?," Working Papers wp2005_0508, CEMFI.
  2. Javier Diaz-Gimenez & Josep Pijoan-Mas, 2006. "Flat Tax Reforms in the U.S.: a Boon for the Income Poor," Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 400, Society for Computational Economics.
  3. Juan-José Ganuza & Gerard Llobet & Beatriz Domínguez, 2009. "R& D in the Pharmaceutical Industry: A World of Small Innovations," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 55(4), pages 539-551, April.
  4. Ceron, Jose A. & Suarez, Javier, 2006. "Hot and Cold Housing Markets: International Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 5411, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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