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Demand for Environment Goods: Evidence from Voting Patterns on California Initiatives


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  • Khan, M.
  • Matsusaka, J.G.


This article studies voting behavior on 16 environmental ballot propositions in California in order to characterize the demand for environmental goods. The environment is found to be a normal good for people with mean incomes, but some environmental goods are inferior for those with high incomes, at least when supplied collectively An important "price" of environmental goods is reduced income in the constructions farming, forestry, and manufacturing industries. Income and price can explain most of the variation in voting; there is little need to introduce preferences variables such as political ideology. Copyright 1997 by the University of Chicago.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Columbia University, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 1995_08.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:clu:wpaper:1995_08

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Blog mentions

As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Vote "No" on California's Proposition 23!
    by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2010-06-28 22:19:00
  2. My Three New NBER Papers
    by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2014-03-12 13:11:00
  3. Three New Economics Papers Related to Mitigating Climate Change
    by Matthew E. Kahn in The Reality-Based Community on 2014-03-12 16:20:17
  4. Intellectual Growth
    by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2014-08-01 14:59:00
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