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The Cleansing Effect of Recessions

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Author Info

  • Caballero, R.J.
  • Hammour, M.L.

Abstract

The authors investigate industry response to cyclical variations in demand. Production units that embody the newest process and product innovations are continuously being created and outdated units are being destroyed. Although outdated units are the most likely to turn unprofitable and be scrapped in a recession, they can be 'insulated' from the fall in demand by a reduction in creation. The structure of adjustment costs plays a determinant role in the responsiveness of those two margins. The calibrated model matches the relative volatilities of the observed manufacturing job creation and destruction series, and their asymmetries over the cycle. Copyright 1994 by American Economic Association.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Columbia University, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 1991_59.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 1991
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:clu:wpaper:1991_59

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Related research

Keywords: industry ; production ; demand ; business cycles;

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References

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  1. Jovanovic, Boyan & Lach, Saul, 1989. "Entry, Exit, and Diffusion with Learning by Doing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 690-99, September.
  2. Aghion, P. & Howitt, P., 1989. "A Model Of Growth Through Creative Destruction," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers 8904, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
  3. Steven J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1990. "Gross Job Creation and Destruction: Microeconomic Evidence and Macroeconomic Implications," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1990, Volume 5, pages 123-186 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. repec:fth:coluec:540 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. J. Bradford De Long, 1990. ""Liquidation" Cycles: Old-Fashioned Real Business Cycle Theory and the Great Depression," NBER Working Papers 3546, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Steve J. Davis & John Haltiwanger, 1991. "Gross job creation, gross job destruction and employment reallocation," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-5, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  7. Dickens, William T., 1982. "The productivity crisis: Secular or cyclical?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 37-42.
  8. Robert E. Hall, 1991. "Labor Demand, Labor Supply, and Employment Volatility," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1991, Volume 6, pages 17-62 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. repec:fth:coluec:467 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Shleifer, Andrei, 1986. "Implementation Cycles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(6), pages 1163-90, December.
  11. repec:fth:coluec:479 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Howitt, Peter & McAfee, R Preston, 1987. "Costly Search and Recruiting," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 28(1), pages 89-107, February.
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