Who merits financial aid? Massachusetts? Adams scholarship
AbstractThe majority of states in the U.S. now fund merit-based financial aid programs, the effects of which depend on how strongly students react to changes in college costs. I estimate such reactions using quasi-experimental aspects of a recent Massachusetts merit scholarship program intended to attract talented students to the state public colleges. This paper is the first to document heterogeneity in price sensitivity among students of varying academic abilities. My primary result is that, in spite of its small monetary value, the scholarship induced 6% of winners to choose four-year public colleges over four-year private colleges, the average of a large effect on the lowest ability winners and no effect on the highest ability winners. The bulk of funds nonetheless flowed to students who would have attended public colleges anyway, and the scholarship had no effect on the overall college attendance rate, which for winners was already above 90%. These findings have implications for the design of future government-sponsored financial aid programs.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Columbia University, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 0607-13.
Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: 2007
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- Goodman, Joshua, 2008. "Who merits financial aid?: Massachusetts' Adams Scholarship," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(10-11), pages 2121-2131, October.
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- David L. Sjoquist & John V. Winters, 2013.
"State Merit-Aid Programs and College Major: A Focus on Stem,"
Economics Working Paper Series
1406, Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business.
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- Gabrielle Fack & Julien Grenet, 2013. "Improving college access and success for low-income students: Evidence from a large need-based grant program," Economics Working Papers 1393, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
- Gabrielle Fack & Julien Grenet, 2013. "Improving College Access and Success for Low-Income Students: Evidence from a Large Need-based Grant Program," PSE Working Papers halshs-00870546, HAL.
- Maria D. Fitzpatrick & Damon Jones, 2012. "Higher Education, Merit-Based Scholarships and Post-Baccalaureate Migration," NBER Working Papers 18530, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Sjoquist, David L. & Winters, John V., 2012. "State Merit-based Financial Aid Programs and College Attainment," IZA Discussion Papers 6801, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Cohodes, Sarah & Goodman, Joshua, 2013. "Merit Aid, College Quality and College Completion: Massachusetts' Adams Scholarship as an In-Kind Subsidy," Working Paper Series rwp13-005, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
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