The Economic Welfare Cost of Conflict: An Empirical Assessment
AbstractWar, whether external or internal, large or small, is a costly endeavor. Loss of life, loss of close friends or family, and the destruction of material possessions all play a part in the costs of war. The purpose of this paper is to capture only the material, economic welfare costs of conflict stemming from the altered path of consumption resulting from conflict. As such, our measure is quite a lower bound for the true and more encompassing welfare loss from living in a non-peaceful world. Remarkably, however, even these pure economic welfare losses from conflict are large. We find that, on average, individuals would give up over 8 percent of their current level of consumption to live in a peaceful world. Such large potential welfare gains from reducing warfare should make economists and policy-makers take note.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Claremont Colleges in its series Claremont Colleges Working Papers with number 2002-08.
Date of creation: Jul 2002
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Growth; Conflict; Welfare Costs;
Other versions of this item:
- Gregory D. Hess, 2003. "The Economic Welfare Cost of Conflict: An Empirical Assessment," CESifo Working Paper Series 852, CESifo Group Munich.
- E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
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"Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels,"
Cambridge Working Papers in Economics
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- Nickell, Stephen J, 1981. "Biases in Dynamic Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1417-26, November.
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