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Imperfect Competition, Nominal Wage Contracts and the Business Cycle

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  • Zuzana Janko

    (University of Calgary)

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    Abstract

    We introduce nominal wage contracts into a competitive and a noncompetitive labor market structure. We find these models to have similar business cycle properties, but we argue that the imperfectly competitive market structure is more appropriate for nominal wage contract analyzes. We introduce imperfect competition to the labor market by assuming that households have market power and consequently choose nominal wage contracts as part of their maximization problem, while in a competitive structure nominal wage contracts are introduced via an exogenous rule. The latter formulation lacks microeconomic foundation that makes the model inappropriate for the analysis of nominal wage contracts.

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    File URL: http://econ.ucalgary.ca/sites/econ.ucalgary.ca.manageprofile/files/unitis/publications/162-34143/zjanko-paper.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Calgary in its series Working Papers with number 2008-16.

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    Date of creation: 11 Jan 2008
    Date of revision: 11 Jan 2008
    Handle: RePEc:clg:wpaper:2008-16

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    1. Kevin X. D. Huang & Zheng Liu & Louis Phaneuf, 2000. "On the Transmission of Monetary Policy Shocks," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 112, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal, revised Sep 2001.
    2. Jang-Ok Cho, 1993. "Money and Business Cycle with One-Period Nominal Contracts," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(3), pages 638-59, August.
    3. Stockman, Alan C., 1981. "Anticipated inflation and the capital stock in a cash in-advance economy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 387-393.
    4. Gray, Jo Anna, 1976. "Wage indexation: A macroeconomic approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 221-235, April.
    5. Gary Hansen, 2010. "Indivisible Labor and the Business Cycle," Levine's Working Paper Archive 233, David K. Levine.
    6. Fischer, Stanley, 1977. "Long-Term Contracts, Rational Expectations, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(1), pages 191-205, February.
    7. Christopher J. Erceg, 1997. "Nominal wage rigidities and the propagation of monetary disturbances," International Finance Discussion Papers 590, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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