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Cognitive Dissonance, Pessimism, and Behavioral Spillover Effects

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  • David L. Dickinson

Abstract

This paper reports results from a unique two-stage experiment designed to examine the spillover effects of optimism and pessimism. In stage 1, we induce optimism or pessimism onto subjects by randomly assigning a high or low piece rate for performing a cognitive task. We find that participants receiving the low piece rate are significantly more pessimistic with respect to performance on this task. In stage 2 individuals participate in an ultimatum game. We find that minimum acceptable offers are significantly lower for pessimistic subjects,though this pessimism was generated in a completely unrelated environment. These results highlight the existence of important spillover effects that can be behaviorally and economically important - for example, pessimism regarding one's initial conditions (e.g., living in poverty) may have spillover effects on one's future labor market outcomes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Calgary in its series Working Papers with number 2007-09.

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Date of creation: 26 Oct 2007
Date of revision: 26 Oct 2007
Handle: RePEc:clg:wpaper:2007-09

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Cited by:
  1. Savikhin, Anya & Sheremeta, Roman, 2012. "Simultaneous Decision-Making in Competitive and Cooperative Environments," MPRA Paper 46809, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Oxoby, Robert J. & Smith, Alexander, 2014. "Using Cognitive Dissonance to Manipulate Social Preferences," IZA Discussion Papers 8310, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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