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Efficient Non-Contractible Investments in a Finite Economy

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  • Harold L. Cole
  • George J. Mailath
  • Andrew Postlewaite

Abstract

Investors making complementary investments typically do not have incentives to invest efficiently when they cannot contract with each other prior to their decisions because of the hold-up problem: when they bargain over the surplus generated by their investments, they will usually not obtain the full fruits of the investment. Intuitively, the hold-up problem should be ameliorated if, in the bargaining stage, each agent has alternatives to the partner he is bargaining with. We characterize the matching and division of surplus in finite economies for any initial investment decisions. We provide conditions on those decisions that guarantee that each agent will capture the change in the aggregate social surplus that results from any investment change he makes. We further show that for any given problem, there exists a bargaining rule by which pairs split their surplus that will support efficient investment choices in equilibrium. We also show, however, that overinvestment or underinvestment can occur for natural bargaining rules.

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Paper provided by Penn Economics Department in its series Penn CARESS Working Papers with number 452f3f87415f37596752b399575585f0.

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Handle: RePEc:cla:penntw:452f3f87415f37596752b399575585f0

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Cited by:
  1. Sergei Severinov & Michael Peters, 2004. "Internet Trading Mechanisms And Rational Expectations," Econometric Society 2004 North American Winter Meetings 551, Econometric Society.

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