Competition Policy and Innovation
AbstractThis paper seeks to improve understanding of the links between innovation and competition policy. It is intended to help OECD Member countries identify ways in which they can design and implement policies that best promote innovation while protecting against anti-competitive behaviour. Special attention is given to the need for firms to co-operate during the innovation process, e.g. by forming joint ventures and by engaging in co-operative standard setting activities, and the special challenges such co-operation poses for competition policy. The paper specifically addresses competition challenges that arise from inter-firm co-operation that aims to commercialise inventions, diffuse innovation more broadly throughout the economy, or extend and elaborate on existing technology. Although the economic principles articulated here apply across the entire economy, the paper focuses attention on the information and communications technology sector, where the opportunities for innovation ... Politique de la concurrence et innovation Ce papier a pour objectif de contribuer Ã une meilleure comprÃ©hension des relations entre innovation et politique de la concurrence afin dâ€™aider les pays-Membres de lâ€™OCDE Ã identifier des orientations pour la conception et la mise en Å“uvre de politiques de soutien Ã lâ€™innovation tout en restreignant les pratiques anti-concurrentielles. Une attention spÃ©ciale est portÃ©e sur les besoins de coopÃ©ration entre firmes au cours du processus dâ€™innovation, Ã travers notamment la formation de joint ventures ou la dÃ©termination de standards communs, ainsi que sur les enjeux posÃ©s Ã la politique concurrentielle par la coopÃ©ration technologique. Dans cette perspective, ce papier discute spÃ©cifiquement des enjeux liÃ©s Ã la concurrence que soulÃ¨vent les coopÃ©rations inter-firmes ayant pour objectifs la commercialisation des inventions, lâ€™accroissement de la diffusion des innovations dans lâ€™Ã©conomie, ou encore lâ€™Ã©laboration Ã
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Date of creation: 23 Sep 2004
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- Carl Shapiro, 2002. "Competition Policy and Innovation," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2002/11, OECD Publishing.
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