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L’immigration et le triangle « croissance, inégalités et pauvreté »: une analyse du revenu du ménage

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  • Nong Zhu
  • Cecile Batisse
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    Abstract

    À l’aide des microdonnées des recensements de 1991 à 2006, cet article examine les relations existant entre la croissance économique, l’inégalité de revenu et la pauvreté des immigrants au Canada. Nos résultats montrent que les immigrants originaires des pays en développement ont été les plus atteints par les fluctuations économiques. Ils sont dans l’ensemble caractérisés par un niveau de revenu inférieur à celui des autres groupes et par une inégalité de revenu plus importante. Malgré un niveau de scolarité en hausse, le rendement de leur capital humain a diminué entre 2001 et 2006. Enfin, l’analyse souligne le rôle important de l’emploi et des revenus du travail dans l’augmentation du niveau de vie des immigrants. Les stratégies d’insertion socio-économique des immigrants doivent donc se centrer sur l’amélioration du niveau de revenu et l’augmentation du taux d’emploi.

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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/pdf/publication/2014s-12.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2014s-12.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-12

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    Keywords: ; pauvreté; inégalité; immigration; Canada.;

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    1. Jeffrey Mills & Sourushe Zandvakili, 2004. "Analysis of gender-based family income inequality in Canada," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(8), pages 469-472.
    2. Mary L. Grant, 1999. "Evidence of New Immigrant Assimilation in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(4), pages 930-955, August.
    3. Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2010. "Why is Immigrants’ Access to Employment lower in Montreal than in Toronto?," Working Papers 1005E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
    4. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 1998. "The Colour of Money: Earnings Differentials Among Ethnic Groups in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 518-548, August.
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