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Croissance, inégalités et pauvreté : le cas des immigrants au Canada

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  • Nong Zhu
  • Cecile Batisse
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    Abstract

    Using census data from 1991 to 2006, we analyze the dynamic of inequality and poverty among immigrants in Canada. Our results show that these immigrants have seen their economic situation deteriorate and dynamics of low income, “poverty traps” and major inequalities persist in successive cohorts. Despite a level of education increased, the return to human capital has decreased between 1996 and 2006. Like most immigrants derive most of their income from the labor market, employment levels and wage distribution play a role in income distribution and economic welfare of immigrants À l'aide des données de recensement de 1991 à 2006, nous analysons la dynamique de l'inégalité de revenu et de la pauvreté des nouveaux immigrants au Canada. Nos résultats montrent que les nouveaux immigrants ont vu leur situation économique se détériorer et une dynamique de faible revenu, de « trappes à pauvreté » et d’inégalités importantes persiste chez les cohortes successives. Malgré un niveau de scolarité en hausse, le rendement de leur capital humain a diminué entre 1996 et 2006. Comme la plupart des immigrants tirent la plus grande partie de leur revenu du marché du travail, les niveaux d’emploi et la répartition des salaires jouent un rôle primordial dans la répartition du revenu et le bien-être économique des immigrants

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2014s-11.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-11

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    Keywords: immigrants; Canada; inequality; poverty; immigrants; Canada; inégalité; pauvreté;

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    1. James P. Smith, 2005. "Immigrants and the Labor Market," Working Papers 321, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
    2. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
    3. David A. Green & Christopher Worswick, 2004. "Immigrant earnings profiles in the presence of human capital investment: measuring cohort and macro effects," IFS Working Papers W04/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
    5. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 1998. "The Colour of Money: Earnings Differentials Among Ethnic Groups in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 518-548, August.
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