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An Empirical Study of Credit Shock Transmission in a Small Open Economy

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  • Nathan Bedock
  • Dalibor Stevanovic

    ()

Abstract

In this paper we identify and measure the effects of credit shocks in a small open economy. To incorporate information from a large number of economic and financial indicators we use the structural factor-augmented VARMA model. In the theoretical framework of the financial accelerator, we approximate the external finance premium with credit spreads. We find that an adverse global credit shock generates a significant and persistent economic slowdown in Canada; the Canadian external finance premium rises immediately while interest rates and credit measures decline. Variance decomposition reveals that the credit shock has an important effect on real activity measures, including price and leading indicators, and credit spreads. On the other hand, an unexpected increase in the Canadian external finance premium shows no significant effect in Canada, suggesting that the effects of credit shocks in Canada are essentially caused by the unexpected changes in foreign credit market conditions. Given the identification procedure our structural factors have an economic interpretation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2012s-16.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2012
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2012s-16

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Keywords: Credit shock; structural factor analysis; factor-augmented VARMA;

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  16. Forni, Mario & Hallin, Marc & Lippi, Marco & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 2002. "Do Financial Variables Help Forecasting Inflation and Real Activity in the Euro Area?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3146, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  17. Gertler, Mark & Lown, Cara S, 1999. "The Information in the High-Yield Bond Spread for the Business Cycle: Evidence and Some Implications," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 132-50, Autumn.
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