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Configuration d’un champ institutionnel dans le cadre d’un méga-événement : le cas du championnat d’Europe de football

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  • Muriel Mignerat

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  • Luc K. Audebrand
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    Abstract

    In this study of the last three UEFA European Football Championship (2000, 2004, 2008), we identify institutional entrepreneurs and examine the strategies they use to influence the institution they are part of (UEFA) through the introduction of new information technologies (e-ticketing, online and mobile broadcasting). We build on the literature related to institutional theory and field-configuring events to propose a framework of field configuring institutional change. Our preliminary results suggest that institutions are at play at several levels. For instance, a central key institution, the UEFA, is being maintained through the introduction of new practices (buffer institutions) such as e-ticketing during mega-events (EURO). We describe the type and nature of institutional work used by institutional entrepreneurs involved. Dans cette étude des trois derniers championnats d’Europe de football (2000 – 2004 – 2008), nous identifions des entrepreneurs institutionnels et examinons les stratégies qu’ils utilisent pour influencer l’institution dont ils font partie (l’UEFA) au travers de l’introduction de nouvelles technologies de l’information (billetterie électronique, diffusion en ligne et mobile). Nous utilisons la littérature provenant, d’une part, de la théorie institutionnelle et, d’autre part, des événements configurateurs de champ (« Field Configuring Events » ou FCE) afin de proposer un cadre conceptuel du changement institutionnel. Nos résultats préliminaires suggèrent que les institutions œuvrent à plusieurs niveaux. En particulier, une institution clé, l’UEFA, est maintenue au travers de l’introduction de nouvelles pratiques (institutions tampon) telles que la vente électronique de billets durant les méga-événements (Euro). Nous décrivons le type et la nature du travail institutionnel effectués par les entrepreneurs institutionnels impliqués.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2010s-27.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jun 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2010s-27

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    Keywords: Field-configuring events; Institutional theory; Information technology; Mega-events; Sports; Football. ; Événements configurateurs d’événements; théorie institutionnelle; technologies de l’information; méga-événements; sport; football;

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