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Exact skewness-kurtosis tests for multivariate normality and goodness-of-fit in multivariate regressions with application to asset pricing models

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  • Jean-Marie Dufour

    ()

  • Lynda Khalaf
  • Marie-Claude Beaulieu

    ()

Abstract

Dans cet article, nous proposons des tests sur la forme de la distribution des erreurs dans un modèle de régression linéaire multivarié (RLM). Les tests que nous développons sont fonction des résidus obtenus par moindres carrés multivariés, lesquels sont standardisés de façon à ce que leur distribution soit invariante à la matrice de covariance, inconnue, des erreurs. Notre approche utilise des mesures empiriques d'asymétrie et d'aplatissement de la distribution des erreurs, que nous comparons à des estimations engendrées par simulation de ces caractéristiques sous cette même hypothèse distributionnelle. Les cas spécifiques que nous étudions comprennent des tests sur les erreurs du modèle dans le cadre des lois normale, t de Student, mélange de normales et stable. Dans le cas gaussien, nous obtenons des versions exactes de tests d'ajustement standards sur l'asymétrie et l'aplatissement des erreurs dans le cas multivarié. À cette fin, nous utilisons des tests de Monte Carlo simples, doubles et multiples. Dans les cas non-gaussiens, comme les familles de lois dépendent de paramètres de nuisance, nous proposons des régions de confiance pour ces derniers et la distribution des erreurs. Les procédures introduites dans cet article sont alors évalulées par une simulation de petite taille. Finalement, les tests proposés sont appliqués à un modèle d'évaluation d'actifs impliquant un taux d'intérêt sans risque observable et utilisant les rendements de portefeuilles mensuels de titres inscrits à la bourse de New York, sur des sous-périodes de cinq ans allant de janvier 1926 à décembre 1995.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2003s-33.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2003
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2003s-33

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Keywords: ; modèle de régression multivarié; test d'ajustement; test de normalité; normalité multivariée; t de Student; mélange de lois normales; distribution stable; test de spécification; diagnostic; test exact; test de Monte Carlo; bootstrap; paramètre de nuisance; modèle d'évaluation d'actifs financiers; CAPM;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Enrique Sentana, 2009. "The econometrics of mean-variance efficiency tests: a survey," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(3), pages C65-C101, November.
  2. Bontemps, Christian, 2013. "Moment-Based Tests for Discrete Distributions," IDEI Working Papers 772, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  3. Jean-Marie Dufour & Lynda Khalaf & Marie-Claude Beaulieu, 2003. "Finite-Sample Diagnostics for Multivariate Regressions with Applications to Linear Asset Pricing Models," CIRANO Working Papers 2003s-34, CIRANO.
  4. Jean-Marie DUFOUR & Lynda KHALAF & Marcel VOIA, 2013. "Finite-Sample Resampling-Based Combined Hypothesis Tests, with Applications to Serial Correlation and Predictability," Cahiers de recherche 13-2013, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  5. Jean-Marie Dufour & Lynda Khalaf & Marie-Claude Beaulieu, 2010. "Multivariate residual-based finite-sample tests for serial dependence and ARCH effects with applications to asset pricing models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(2), pages 263-285.
  6. Beaulieu, Marie-Claude & Dufour, Jean-Marie & Khalaf, Lynda, 2009. "Finite sample multivariate tests of asset pricing models with coskewness," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 53(6), pages 2008-2021, April.
  7. Beaulieu, Marie-Claude & Dufour, Jean-Marie & Khalaf, Lynda, 2014. "Exact confidence sets and goodness-of-fit methods for stable distributions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 181(1), pages 3-14.
  8. Tanya Ara\'ujo & Jo\~ao Dias & Samuel Eleut\'erio & Francisco Lou\c{c}\~a, 2012. "How Fama Went Wrong: Measures of Multivariate Kurtosis for the Identification of the Dynamics of a N-Dimensional Market," Papers 1207.1202, arXiv.org.
  9. Bai, Zhidong & Phoon, Kok Fai & Wang, Keyan & Wong, Wing-Keung, 2013. "The performance of commodity trading advisors: A mean-variance-ratio test approach," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 188-201.
  10. Iqbal, Javed & Brooks, Robert & Galagedera, Don UA, 2007. "Robust Tests of the Lower Partial Moment Asset Pricing Model in Emerging Markets," MPRA Paper 25349, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised May 2007.
  11. Galvao, Antonio F. & Montes-Rojas, Gabriel & Sosa-Escudero, Walter & Wang, Liang, 2013. "Tests for skewness and kurtosis in the one-way error component model," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 35-52.
  12. Araújo, Tanya & Dias, João & Eleutério, Samuel & Louçã, Francisco, 2013. "A measure of multivariate kurtosis for the identification of the dynamics of a N-dimensional market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(17), pages 3708-3714.
  13. Oussama Chakroun & Georges Dionne & Amélie Dugas-Sampara, 2006. "Empirical Evaluation of Investor Rationality in the Asset Allocation Puzzle," Cahiers de recherche 0635, CIRPEE.

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