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Les enjeux de l'économie souterraine

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  • Bernard Fortin

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Abstract

In this text, the underground economy is presented as a natural reaction of consumers and producers to the constraints and costs imposed by the government on exchanges. We provide a definition of the underground economy and discuss the causes and consequences of this phenomenon. We also present an analysis of some methods used by researchers to measure its importance. We finally insist on the necessity in the future to obtain new sources of information in order to better understand the factors that influence the decisions to work and to consume in the underground economy. Dans ce texte, l'économie souterraine est présentée comme une réaction naturelle des consommateurs et des producteurs en présence des contraintes ou des coûts que l'État tente d'imposer aux échanges. Nous offrons une définition de l'économie souterraine et nous discutons des causes et des conséquences de ce phénomène. Nous présentons en outre une analyse de certaines méthodes utilisées par les chercheurs pour en évaluer l'ampleur. Nous insistons enfin sur la nécessité dans le futur d'obtenir des sources nouvelles d'information afin de mieux comprendre les facteurs qui influencent les décisions de travailler et de consommer au noir.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2002s-89.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-89

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Keywords: Underground economy; underground labour supply; underground consumption; horizontal equity; vertical equity; economic efficiency; data collection and data estimation methodology; Économie souterraine; offre de travail au noir; consommation au noir; équité horizontale; équité verticale; efficacité économique; méthodes de collecte et d'estimation de données;

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  1. Lacroix, G. & Fortin, B., 1991. "Utility-Based Estimation of Labor Supply Functions in the Regular and Irregular Sectors," Cahiers de recherche 9020, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  2. Cowell, Frank A, 1985. "The Economic Analysis of Tax Evasion," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(3), pages 163-93, September.
  3. Bernard Fortin & Thomas Lemieux & Pierre Frechette, 1990. "An Empirical Model of Labor Supply in the Underground Economy," NBER Working Papers 3392, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Rolf Mirus & Roger S. Smith & Vladimir Karoleff, 1994. "Canada's Underground Economy Revisited: Update and Critique," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 20(3), pages 235-252, September.
  5. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
  6. Bernard Fortin & Gaétan Garneau & Guy Lacroix & Thomas Lemieux & Claude Montmarquette, 1996. "L'économie souterraine au Québec : Mythes et réalités," CIRANO Monographs, CIRANO, number 1996mo-01, May.
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