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L'économie de l'éducation: méthodologies, constats et leçons

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  • Marcelin Joanis

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Abstract

This document offers a synthesis of the papers presented at the Conference on the Econometrics of Education: Modeling Selectivity and Outcomes, held at CIRANO, April 26 and 27, 2002. The papers serve as a pretext to draw a non exhaustive survey of the state of research in the economics of education. The methods of the economics of education are treated first, followed by a discussion of two important findings of recent research: the variance of the returns to education, and the risk associated with human capital investment. Finally, a series of policy issues are presented: tuition fees, parental contribution to education funding, school vouchers, school dropout, and affirmative action programs. Ce document effectue une synthèse des travaux présentés à la conférence sur l'économétrie de l'éducation tenue au CIRANO les 26 et 27 avril 2002, intitulée Conference on the Econometrics of Education: Modeling Selectivity and Outcomes. Les textes de la conférence servent ici de prétexte à un survol non exhaustif de l'état de la recherche en économie de l'éducation. Les méthodes de l'économie de l'éducation sont d'abord traitées. Deux importants constats de la recherche récente sont ensuite discutés: la variabilité des rendements de l'éducation et le risque associé à l'investissement en capital humain. Enfin, un ensemble de problématiques de politique publique sont présentées: les frais de scolarité, la contribution parentale au financement de l'éducation, les « bons d'éducation », l'abandon scolaire, et les programmes de discrimination positive.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2002s-70.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-70

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Keywords: Education; human capital; returns to education; school dropout; tuition fees; Éducation; capital humain; rendements de l'éducation; abandon scolaire; frais de scolarité;

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  1. Heckman, James J & Lochner, Lance & Taber, Christopher, 1998. "Tax Policy and Human-Capital Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 293-97, May.
  2. Robert M. Sauer, 1998. "Job Mobility and the Market for Lawyers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(1), pages 147-171, February.
  3. James Heckman & Lance Lockner & Christopher Taber, 1999. "Human capital formation and general equilibrium treatment effects: a study of tax and tuition policy," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 20(1), pages 25-40, March.
  4. James J. Heckman & Lance Lochner & Christopher Taber, 1998. "Explaining Rising Wage Inequality: Explorations with a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model of Labor Earnings with Heterogeneous Agents," NBER Working Papers 6384, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
  6. Marcel Dagenais & Claude Montmarquette & Nathalie Viennot-Briot, 2001. "Dropout, School Performance and Working while in School : An Econometric Model with Heterogeneous Groups," CIRANO Working Papers 2001s-63, CIRANO.
  7. Carneiro, Pedro & Hansen, Karsten T. & Heckman, James J., 2002. "Removing the Veil of Ignorance in Assessing the Distributional Impacts of Social Policies," IZA Discussion Papers 453, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. James J. Heckman, 2001. "Micro Data, Heterogeneity, and the Evaluation of Public Policy: Nobel Lecture," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(4), pages 673-748, August.
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