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La Prime Associée au Diplôme d'Études Secondaires et le Décrochage Scolaire au Canada

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  • Daniel Parent

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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze the process by which young Canadians decide to leave high school and to situate it in the context of the value of a high school diploma over the 1981-1998 period, conditional on not pursuing post-secondary education. Evidence from the 1981-96 Canadian Censuses, the 1998 Canadian Labour Force Survey, and the 1981-1998 March Current Population Surveys shows that the wage premium to holding just a high school diploma in Canada is substantially lower than in the United States over the whole sample period and for all age groups. Turning to Statistics Canada's School Leavers Survey and its Follow-up, it is shown that high school graduates' labour market outcomes are essentially no better than those of dropouts, except perhaps in terms of employment rates. Finally, having established that the labour market value of holding just a high school diploma in Canada is rather low, I go back to the individuals' decision to leave school either as dropouts or graduates and find that they were very sensitive to the conditions of the local labour market. Those conditions affected their graduation decision through their impact on the probability of having a job in the twelve months preceding the date they left school either as graduates or as dropouts. View this document at : http://www.cetech.gouv.qc.ca/site/Documents/Décrochage.pdf Cette étude examine le processus de transition de l'école vers le marché du travail et l'étudie dans le contexte de l'évolution dans la valeur de détenir un diplôme d'études secondaires depuis 1981. Les principaux résultats découlant de l'analyse des données de recensement nous indiquent que bien que les diplômés du secondaire aient conservé un avantage en terme de taux d'emploi par rapport aux sortants depuis 1981, l'avantage salarial est demeuré beaucoup plus faible qu'aux États-Unis et ce, pour tous les groupes d'âge. Quant aux données du Suivi de l'Enquête sur les sortants, elles nous indiquent qu'il n y a pas de différence majeure dans le processus de transition vers le marché du travail entre les sortants sans diplôme et les diplômés, outre le fait qu'ils aient une probabilité plus grande d'avoir occupé un emploi à temps complet. Ayant établi que la valeur d'un diplôme d'études secondaires est substantiellement plus faible au Canada qu'aux États-Unis, la seconde étape de l'étude montre que le fait d'obtenir un diplôme ou non s'avère très sensible aux conditions économiques locales. Ces conditions opèrent par le biais de la probabilité d'avoir occupé un emploi dans les douze mois précédant la fin des études secondaires, soit comme diplômé, soit comme sortant. Consultez ce document à : http://www.cetech.gouv.qc.ca/site/Documents/Décrochage.pdf

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Project Reports with number 2002rp-05.

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Date of creation: 01 Feb 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirpro:2002rp-05

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  1. David Card & Thomas Lemieux, 1997. "Adapting to Circumstances: The Evolution of Work, School, and Living Arrangements Among North American Youth," NBER Working Papers 6142, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Paul Beaudry & Thomas Lemieux & Daniel Parent, 2000. "What is Happening in the Youth Labour Market in Canada?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 26(s1), pages 59-83, July.
  3. repec:fth:prinin:386 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Kevin M. Murphy & W. Craig Riddell & Paul M. Romer, 1998. "Wages, Skills, and Technology in the United States and Canada," NBER Working Papers 6638, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Marcel Dagenais & Benoit Durocher & Claude Montmarquette & Daniel Parent & François Raymond, 1998. "Travail pendant les études et abandon scolaire : Causes, conséquences et politiques d'intervention," CIRANO Working Papers 98s-32, CIRANO.
  6. Richard B. Freeman & Karen Needels, 1991. "Skill Differentials in Canada in an Era of Rising Labor Market Inequality," NBER Working Papers 3827, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Lawrence F. Katz & Kevin M. Murphy, 1991. "Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987: Supply and Demand Factors," NBER Working Papers 3927, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Paul Beaudry & David A. Green, 2000. "Cohort patterns in Canadian earnings: assessing the role of skill premia in inequality trends," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 907-936, November.
  9. Christopher J. Ruhm, 1995. "Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?," NBER Working Papers 5030, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
  11. Gerald S. Oettinger, 1999. "Does high school employment affect high school academic performance?," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 53(1), pages 136-151, October.
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