Generating ambiguity in the laboratory
AbstractThis article develops a method for drawing samples from which it is impossible to infer any quantile or moment of the underlying distribution. The method provides researchers with a way to give subjects the experience of ambiguity. In any experiment, learning the distribution from experience is impossible for the subjects, essentially because it is impossible for the experimenter. We describe our method mathematically, illustrate it in simulations, and then test it in a laboratory experiment. Our technique does not withhold sampling information, does not assume that the subject is incapable of making statistical inferences, is replicable across experiments, and requires no special apparatus. We compare our method to the techniques used in related experiments that attempt to produce an ambiguous experience for the subjects.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Chapman University, Economic Science Institute in its series Working Papers with number 08-10.
Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
ambiguity; Ellsberg; Knightian uncertainty; laboratory experiments; ignorance; vagueness JEL Classi cations: C90; C91; C92; D80; D81;
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-05-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2010-05-22 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-EXP-2010-05-22 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-UPT-2010-05-22 (Utility Models & Prospect Theory)
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- John Dickhaut & Radhika Lunawat & Kira Pronin & Jack Stecher, 2011.
"Decision making and trade without probabilities,"
Springer, vol. 48(2), pages 275-288, October.
- Yang, Chun-Lei & Yao, Lan, 2011. "Ellsberg Paradox and Second-order Preference Theories on Ambiguity: Some New Experimental Evidence," MPRA Paper 28531, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Takashi Hayashi & Ryoko Wada, 2010. "Choice with imprecise information: an experimental approach," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 69(3), pages 355-373, September.
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