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The Determinants of Mutual Fund Performance: A Cross-Country Study


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  • Miguel A. Ferreira

    (ISCTE Business School)

  • António F. Miguel

    (ISCTE Business School)

  • Sofia Ramos

    (ISCTE Business School)


This paper studies the performance of mutual funds around the world using a sample of 10,568 open-end actively managed equity funds from 19 countries between 1999 and 2005. Performance is measured using four alternative benchmark models, including an international version of the Cahart four-factor model. We regress abnormal performance on fund attributes such as age, size, fees, management structure, and management tenure. We also investigate whether country characteristics such as economic development, financial development, familiarity, and investor protection have additional explanatory power. The results show that large funds tend to perform better, which suggests the presence of significant economies of scale. When investing abroad, young funds are more able to obtain better performance. Performance is higher in funds with higher fees and that are managed by an individual manager with more experience. Mutual fund performance is better in countries with stronger legal institutions. Domestic funds located in developed countries, in particular with liquid stock markets, perform better. When investing abroad, familiarity and proximity enhances the performance of mutual funds.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Swiss Finance Institute in its series Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series with number 06-31.

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Date of creation: Nov 2006
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Handle: RePEc:chf:rpseri:rp0631

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Keywords: Mutual funds; Performance; Fund attributes; Investor protection;

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Cited by:
  1. Lubos Pastor & Robert F. Stambaugh & Lucian A. Taylor, 2014. "Scale and Skill in Active Management," NBER Working Papers 19891, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Mehri, Meryem, 2014. "The Differential Effects of Law, Culture and Political Risk on Fees, Performance and Risk-Taking Behavior of Islamic and Conventional Funds," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/13099, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Breloer, Bernhard & Scholz, Hendrik & Wilkens, Marco, 2014. "Performance of international and global equity mutual funds: Do country momentum and sector momentum matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 58-77.
  4. Soo-Wah Low, 2012. "Market Timing and Selectivity Performance: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Malaysian Unit Trust Funds," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2012(2), pages 205-219.
  5. Anastasia Petraki & Anna Zalewska, . "With whom and in what is it better to save? Personal pensions in the UK Abstract: This paper studies the relationship between fund and provider characteristics, and fund performance using a sample of ," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 13/304, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  6. Robert F. Stambaugh, 2014. "Investment Noise and Trends," NBER Working Papers 20072, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Bialkowski, Jedrzej & Otten, Roger, 2011. "Emerging market mutual fund performance: Evidence for Poland," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 118-130, August.
  8. Herrmann, Ulf & Scholz, Hendrik, 2013. "Short-term persistence in hybrid mutual fund performance: The role of style-shifting abilities," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2314-2328.


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