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Proceso de Endeudamiento y Sobre Endeudamiento de los Hogares en Chile

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  • Jaime Ruiz-Tagle
  • Leidy García
  • Álvaro Miranda

Abstract

During the last years Chile has experienced a great expansion in access to household credit. This has led to important increases of indebtedness, in particular by the poorest income quintile. In this paper we analyze the evolution and the determinants of debt and over-indebtedness in last decade, as well as the robustness of the changes, using the Survey of Household Finances and the Social Protection Survey. The study also explores the role of shocks and preferences of individuals on household debt. The analysis shows that participation in indebtedness grows with income. We also find that the ratios of debt of the first quintile diminish significantly when considering the earning capacity of the household, so it can be inferred that this quintile would be less indebted than what can be thought from traditional indicators. On the other hand, the paper concludes that the effects of shocks (of health, income and spending on education) in the over-indebtedness are heterogeneous according to the different measures of debt used. Besides, it appears that individual characteristics such as having self-control problems, low self-esteem and low financial literacy are correlated with the level of household indebtedness.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 703.

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Date of creation: Aug 2013
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:703

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  1. Rodrigo Alfaro & Natalia Gallardo & Roberto Stein, 2010. "The Determinants of Household Debt Defa," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 574, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Felipe Martínez & Rodrigo Cifuentes & Carlos Madeira & Rubén Poblete-Cazenave, 2013. "Measurement of Household Financial Risk with the Survey of Household Finances," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 682, Central Bank of Chile.
  3. James X. Sullivan, 2005. "Borrowing during unemployment: unsecured debt as a safety net," Proceedings 958, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  4. Jaime Ruiz-Tagle & Francis Vella, 2010. "Borrowing Constraints and Credit Demand," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 578, Central Bank of Chile.
  5. Daniel J. Benjamin & Sebastian A. Brown & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2006. "Who is “Behavioral”? Cognitive Ability and Anomalous Preferences," Levine's Working Paper Archive 122247000000001334, David K. Levine.
  6. Jappelli, Tullio, 1990. "Who Is Credit Constrained in the U.S. Economy?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(1), pages 219-34, February.
  7. José Miguel Matus & Nancy Silva & Alejandra Marinovic & Karla Flores, 2010. "Una Visión Global de la Deuda Financiera de los Hogares Chilenos en la Última Década," Economic Statistics Series 81, Central Bank of Chile.
  8. Hugo Salgado & Alejandra Chovar, 2010. "¿Cuánto Influyen las Tarjetas de Crédito y la Deuda Hipotecaria en el Sobre Endeudamiento de los Hogares en CHile," Working Papers 12-2010, Departamento de Economía, Universidad de Concepción.
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