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Auge y caída de precios de commodities y su impacto sobre precios domésticos: Comparación internacional

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  • Alfredo Pistelli
  • Víctor Riquelme

Abstract

This paper compares domestic food, energy and core inflation in a sample of 44 countries during the recent commodities price boom-and-bust cycle, and explains differences across countries. In particular, it explores the role of structural and cyclical factors in explaining cross-country differences. Structural factors are essential in explaining cross-country differences in food and energy inflation. Differences in both price levels and domestic price regulations are key and significant. About half of the difference between the increase in domestic food prices in Chile from 2007 to 2008, and the average food inflation for the whole sample of countries, was explained by these factors. Even though the unexplained component of food and energy inflation in Chile is positive and greater than that of other countries during the boom, actual core inflation was less than expected inflation using the model. This is evidence contrary to the de-anchoring of inflation expectations hypothesis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 567.

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Date of creation: Apr 2010
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:567

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  1. Bacchetta, Philippe & van Wincoop, Eric, 2003. "Why do Consumer Prices React Less than Import Prices to Exchange Rates?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3702, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Burstein, Ariel T. & Neves, Joao C. & Rebelo, Sergio, 2003. "Distribution costs and real exchange rate dynamics during exchange-rate-based stabilizations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(6), pages 1189-1214, September.
  3. Michael Pedersen, 2009. "Ponderaciones y la Tasa de Inflación en Chile," Notas de Investigación Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 12(1), pages 117-120, April.
  4. Kasa, Kenneth, 1992. "Adjustment costs and pricing-to-market theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1-2), pages 1-30, February.
  5. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Rebecca Hellerstein, 2007. "A framework for identifying the sources of local currency price stability with an empirical application," Staff Reports 287, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  6. Sanyal, Kalyan K & Jones, Ronald W, 1982. "The Theory of Trade in Middle Products," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 16-31, March.
  7. Charles Engel, 2002. "Expenditure Switching and Exchange Rate Policy," NBER Working Papers 9016, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Giovannini, Alberto, 1988. "Exchange rates and traded goods prices," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 45-68, February.
  9. Pablo Pincheira B., 2009. "La Dinámica de la Persistencia Inflacionaria en Chile," Notas de Investigación Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 12(1), pages 97-104, April.
  10. David Moreno S & . Alfredo Pistelli M., 2008. "Inflación de Alimentos y Energía en una Muestra de Países," Notas de Investigación Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 11(2), pages 113-119, December.
  11. Frederic S. Mishkin, 2008. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through And Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 13889, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Nakamura, Emi & Zerom, Dawit, 2008. "Accounting for Incomplete Pass-Through," MPRA Paper 14389, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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Cited by:
  1. José de Gregorio, 2012. "Commodity Prices, Monetary Policy and Inflation," Working Papers wp359, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  2. Marcus Cobb, 2012. "Evolución de Precios según Nivel de Ingresos," Notas de Investigación Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 15(3), pages 96-106, December.

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