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Chile’s Free Trade Agreements: How Big is The Deal?

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Author Info

  • Rómulo A. Chumacero
  • Rodrigo Fuentes
  • Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel

Abstract

Chile put into place broad free trade agreements (FTAs) with its two major trading partners: the EU (effective 2003) and the US (effective 2004). This paper quantifies their economic effects for the Chilean economy, stemming from the conventional trade components (lower tariffs and higher market access) and other aspects of the latter broad FTAs, including improved intellectual property rights, factor productivity gains, and their fiscal consequences (tax compensation, larger customs expenditure). The paper also considers that the country risk premium may decline and aggregate investment may rise in response to the institutional stability and policy credibility enhanced by the FTAs. Simulation results are reported for steady states and dynamic transition paths, based on a three-sector dynamic general equilibrium model for an open economy inhabited by infinitely-lived representative agents. The model is calibrated to the Chilean economy and the actual features of both trade agreements. Due to Chile’s high initial trade openness, the reported effects of FTAs on resource allocations, relative prices, expenditure composition, welfare, output, and aggregate consumption do not exceed 1% in any given period. On impact, the largest gains come from a lower risk premium that leads to a temporary consumption and investment boom, which is reverted in the long run as a result of larger net foreign liabilities. In steady state, the gains from improved factor productivity dominate all other effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 264.

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Date of creation: May 2004
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:264

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  1. Drusilla K. Brown & Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 2001. "Multilateral, Regional, and Bilateral Trade-Policy Options for the United States and Japan," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0109, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  2. Keller, Wolfgang, 1998. "Are international R&D spillovers trade-related?: Analyzing spillovers among randomly matched trade partners," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(8), pages 1469-1481, September.
  3. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2004. "Solving dynamic general equilibrium models using a second-order approximation to the policy function," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 755-775, January.
  4. Juan Eduardo Coeymans & Felipe Larraín, 1994. "Efectos de un Acuerdo de Libre Comercio entre Chile y Estados Unidos: Un Enfoque de Equilibrio General," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 31(94), pages 357-400.
  5. Jagdeep S. Bhandari & Nadeem Ul Haque & Stephen J. Turnovsky, 1990. "Growth, External Debt, and Sovereign Risk in a Small Open Economy," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(2), pages 388-417, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Calani, Mauricio, 2007. "Testing Globalization-Disinflation Hypothesis," MPRA Paper 4787, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Sep 2007.
  2. Verónica Mies & Rodrigo Fuentes, 2005. "Mirando el Desarrollo Económico de Chile: Una Comparación Internacional," Documentos de Trabajo 287, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  3. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00587677 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. J. Felipe Córdova, 2010. "Conventional Calibration Versus EDF Calibration," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 589, Central Bank of Chile.
  5. Miranda, Jorge, 2012. "Tipo de Cambio Real en Chile: Dinámica, Tendencia y Equilibrio
    [Real Exchange Rate in Chile: Dynamics, Trend and Equilibrium]
    ," MPRA Paper 43076, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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