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Agency Problems in the Solutions of Banking Crises

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  • Gonzalo I. Sanhueza
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the agency problems that arise when a Central Bank rescues a failing bank. Specifically, the objectives of this paper are to determine: (1) the agency problems that derive from the mechanism of the purchase of risky loans and (2) the response of the banks to the incentives that they face when the Central Bank purchased their risky loans. The empirical evidence from the Chilean banking crisis of the 1980s shows that the rescued banks had higher levels of risk and they were less efficient. However, it is not clear that the higher level of risks were due to moral hazard behavior. I also found that some additional measures mitigated the agency problems. These mitigating factors included limiting the amount of financial assistance per bank, the closing or selling of the banks with more serious solvency problems and, the designation of Provisional Administrator in some banks.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 135.

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    Date of creation: Jan 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:135

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    1. Allen N. Berger & Loretta J. Mester, 1997. "Inside the Black Box: What Explains Differences in the Efficiencies of Financial Institutions?," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 97-04, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
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    3. Lang, Gunter & Welzel, Peter, 1996. "Efficiency and technical progress in banking Empirical results for a panel of German cooperative banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 1003-1023, July.
    4. Berger, Allen N. & Humphrey, David B., 1997. "Efficiency of financial institutions: International survey and directions for future research," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 98(2), pages 175-212, April.
    5. Anderson, T. W. & Hsiao, Cheng, 1982. "Formulation and estimation of dynamic models using panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 47-82, January.
    6. George A. Akerlof & Paul M. Romer, 1993. "Looting: The Economic Underworld of Bankruptcy for Profit," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 24(2), pages 1-74.
    7. Mester, Loretta J., 1996. "A study of bank efficiency taking into account risk-preferences," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 1025-1045, July.
    8. Black, Fischer & Scholes, Myron S, 1973. "The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 637-54, May-June.
    9. Mathias Dewatripont & Jean Tirole, 1994. "The prudential regulation of banks," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/9539, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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