On the determinants of the Chilean Economic Growth
AbstractThis paper presents several methodologies for understanding the Chilean growth process. By using univariate time series representations, we find that the Chilean data is more consistent with exogenous than with endogenous growth models. Growth accounting exercises show that the mild growth rates of the sixties are mainly due to the accumulation of human and physical capital, while the booms of the mid seventies and the one from 1985 until 1998 are mainly due to TFP growth. We also find that among the most important determinants of the evolution of TFP are the evolution of terms of trade, improvements on the quality of capital, and the presence of distortions. In fact, distortions do not only eliminate the positive effects of improvements on the quality of capital, but also precede the evolution of technology shocks and increase their volatility. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model that explicitly incorporates the relative price of investment with respect to consumption goods, terms of tra de, and distortionary taxes is able to successfully replicate the impulse-response functions found on the data. This exercise suggests that distortions play a key role in explaining the growth dynamics of the Chilean experience.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 134.
Date of creation: Jan 2002
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-02-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2002-02-15 (Development)
- NEP-PKE-2002-02-15 (Post Keynesian Economics)
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- Sebastián Katz & Luis Lanteri & Sebastián Vargas, 2007. "A Subtle and not Always Understood Link over 50 Years: A Note on Investment Rate and Economic Growth," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(47), pages 7-62, April - J.
- Sebastián Katz & Luis Lanteri & Sebastián Vargas, 2007. "Investment and Growth: Half a Century of a Subtle and Frequently Misunderstood Relationship," BCRA Working Paper Series 200722, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
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