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Chancengleichheit im Schulsystem: Internationale deskriptive Evidenz und mögliche Bestimmungsfaktoren

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  • Gabriela Schütz
  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

Abstract

Mikroökonometrische Schätzungen anhand internationaler Schülerleistungstests zeigen,dass das Ausmaß, in dem Schülerleistungen mit dem familiären Hintergrund variieren,international sehr unterschiedlich ist. So weisen etwa Frankreich und Kanada wesentlichausgeglichenere Bildungschancen für Kinder unterschiedlicher familiärer Herkunft aufals Deutschland und Großbritannien. Verschiedene empirische Identifikationsstrategienbelegen, dass Schulsysteme mit späterer Mehrgliedrigkeit und einem umfassenderenVorschulsystem systematisch ausgeglichenere Bildungschancen bieten. Dagegen findetsich kein systematischer Zusammenhang der Chancengleichheit mit Ganztagsschulsystemen,dem Ausgabenniveau oder der Durchschnittsleistung.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Papers No.17.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_no.17

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Keywords: Chancengleichheit; Bildungsökonomik; Schülerleistungen; TIMSS; familiärer Hintergrund; soziale Selektivität; Mehrgliedrigkeit; Vorschulsystem;

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References

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  1. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2005. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences-in-Differences Evidence across Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 1415, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2001. "Asymptotic Properties Of Weighted M-Estimators For Standard Stratified Samples," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 17(02), pages 451-470, April.
  3. Stephen Nickell, 2004. "Poverty And Worklessness In Britain," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(494), pages C1-C25, 03.
  4. Ludger Woessmann, 2004. "How Equal Are Educational Opportunities? Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and the United States," CESifo Working Paper Series 1162, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Anderson, Patricia M, 1993. "Linear Adjustment Costs and Seasonal Labor Demand: Evidence from Retail Trade Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(4), pages 1015-42, November.
  6. Moulton, Brent R., 1986. "Random group effects and the precision of regression estimates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 385-397, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Michaelowa, Katharina & Bourdon, Jean, 2006. "The impact of student diversity in secondary schools: An analysis of the international PISA data and implications for the German education system," HWWI Research Papers 3-2, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
  2. Gabriela Schütz & Ludger Wößmann, 2005. "Wie lässt sich die Ungleichheit der Bildungschancen verringern?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(21), pages 15-25, November.

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