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Frühkindliche Bildung und spätere kognitive und nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten: Deutsche und internationale Evidenz

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  • Martin Schlotter
  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

Abstract

Dieser Artikel präsentiert Ergebnisse mehrerer international vergleichender und deutschermikroökonometrischer Untersuchungen zum Zusammenhang zwischen frühkindlicher Bildungund späteren kognitiven und nicht-kognitiven Fähigkeiten anhand der TIMSS-, PISA-,IGLU- und DJI-Kinderpanel-Datensätze. Die teils neue Evidenz belegt, dass der Besuch frühkindlicherBildungseinrichtungen meist positiv mit späteren kognitiven und sozialen Kompetenzenzusammenhängt. Die international vergleichende Evidenz zu kognitiven Fähigkeitendeutet insbesondere auf eine große Bedeutung für die Chancengleichheit sowie auf die Wichtigkeitvon Qualitäts- und Wettbewerbsaspekten in frühkindlichen Bildungssystemen hin.Deutschland-spezifische Analysen legen die Bedeutung des vor der Schule erreichten Kompetenzniveausnahe, wohingegen die Evidenz zu den Effekten der zumeist als Betreuungseinrichtungenkonzipierten deutschen Kindergärten weniger eindeutig ist. Weitere Evidenzbelegt, dass ein früheres Eintrittsalter in den Kindergarten Kinder durchsetzungsfähiger machtund sie leichter Freundschaften schließen lässt.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Paper Nr. 91.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_91

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Keywords: Frühkindliche Bildung; Kindergarten; kognitive Fähigkeiten; nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten; internationaler Vergleich; TIMSS; PISA;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Ludger Wößmann, 2011. "Wettbewerb durch öffentliche Finanzierung von Schulen in freier Trägerschaft als wichtiger Ansatzpunkt zur Verbesserung des Schulsystems," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(01), pages 09-18, 01.
  2. Kai-Uwe Müller & C. Katharina Spieß & Chrysanthi Tsiasioti & Katharina Wrohlich & Elisabeth Bügelmayer & Luke Haywood & Frauke Peter & Marko Ringmann & Sven Witzke, 2013. "Evaluationsmodul: Förderung und Wohlergehen von Kindern: Endbericht ; Studie im Auftrag der Geschäftsstelle für die Gesamtevaluation ehe- und familienbezogener Maßnahmen und Leistungen in Deutschl," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 73, number pbk73, July.
  3. Elke Lüdemann, 2011. "Schooling and the Formation of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Outcomes," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 39, 8.
  4. Karl Aiginger & Susanne Bärenthaler-Sieber & Johanna Vogel, 2013. "Competitiveness under New Perspectives," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 44, WWWforEurope.

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