Changes in Human Capital: Implications for Productivity Growth in the Euro Area
AbstractThe euro area has experienced a sustained decline in labour productivity growth sincethe 1980s. In the economic literature this phenomenon is commonly explained by adecline in capital deepening and lower total factor productivity (TFP) growth. However,the decline in labour productivity growth might partly also reflect a lower contributionof labour quality growth. We present evidence of changes in human capital in a numberof euro area countries based on a fixed-weight index for labour quality growth for boththe employed population and the labour force. We then evaluate the significance ofthese changes for recent developments in productivity growth. Our findings suggest thateuro area labour quality has indeed moderated towards the end of the 1990’s, but theimpact on labour productivity growth is small compared to the overall decline in capitaldeepening and total factor productivity growth.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Paper No. 53.
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Human capital; labour quality; total factor productivity; growth accounting;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- O47 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
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