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Kyoto and the Carbon Footprint of Nations

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  • Rahel Aichele

    ()

  • Gabriel Felbermayr

    ()

Abstract

A country’s carbon footprint refers to the CO 2 emissions caused by domestic absorptionactivities. Trade in goods drives a wedge between the footprint and local emissions. Weprovide a panel database on carbon footprints and carbon net trade. Using a differencesin-differences IV estimation strategy, we evaluate the Kyoto Protocol’s effects on carbonfootprints and emissions. Instrumenting countries’ Kyoto commitment by their participationin the International Criminal Court, we show that Kyoto reduced domestic emissionsin committed countries by 7%, has not lowered footprints, but increased the share ofimported over domestic emissions by 17 percentage points. This indicates carbon leakage.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Paper No. 103.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_103

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Keywords: Carbon content of trade; carbon footprint; carbon leakage; evaluation model; instrumental variables;

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References

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  1. Andrew K. Rose, 2002. "Do WTO Members have More Liberal Trade Policy?," NBER Working Papers 9347, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Stratford Douglas & Shuichiro Nishioka, 2009. "International Differences in Emissions Intensity and Emissions Content of Global Trade," Working Papers 09-02, Department of Economics, West Virginia University.
  2. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel J. Felbermayr, 2011. "Kyoto and Carbon Leakage: An Empirical Analysis of the Carbon Content of Bilateral Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 3661, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel J. Felbermayr, 2011. "Estimating the effects of Kyoto on bilateraltrade flows using matching econometrics," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 119, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  4. Narbel, Patrick A. & Isaksen, Elisabeth T., 2014. "A carbon footprint proportional to expenditure - a case for Norway?," Discussion Papers 2014/16, Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics.
  5. Nicole A. MATHYS & Jaime de MELO, 2012. "Reconciling Trade and Climate Policies," Working Papers P37, FERDI.
  6. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr & Inga Heiland, 2014. "EEG und internationaler Wettbewerb: Ist die besondere Ausgleichsregelung haltbar?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 67(02), pages 23-29, 01.
  7. Christian Almer & Ralph Winkler, 2012. "The Effect of Kyoto Emission Targets on Domestic CO2 Emissions: A Synthetic Control Approach," Diskussionsschriften dp1202, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
  8. Grether, Jean-Marie & Mathys, Nicole A., 2013. "The pollution terms of trade and its five components," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 19-31.
  9. Daniel Becker & Magdalena Brezskot & Wolfgang Peters & Ulrike Will, 2013. "Grenzausgleichsinstrumente bei unilateralen Klimaschutzmaßnahmen. Eine ökonomische und WTO-rechtliche Analyse," Discussion Paper Series RECAP15 010, RECAP15, European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder).
  10. Aichele, Rahel & Felbermayr, Gabriel, 2013. "The Effect of the Kyoto Protocol on Carbon Emissions," Munich Reprints in Economics 20171, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  11. Nina Czernich, 2011. "Broadband Internet and Political Participation - Evidence for Germany," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 104, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  12. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "Carbon Footprints," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(21), pages 11-16, November.
  13. repec:euv:dpaper:9999 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Fredriksson, Per G. & Neumayer, Eric, 2013. "Democracy and climate change policies: Is history important?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 11-19.
  15. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "Auswirkungen der Kyoto-Verpflichtungen auf Emissionen und Carbon Footprints," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(22), pages 23-26, November.

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