Awareness Reduces Racial Bias
AbstractCan raising awareness of racial bias subsequently reduce that bias? We address this question by exploiting the widespread media attention highlighting racial bias among professional basketball referees that occurred in May 2007 following the release of an academic study. Using new data, we confirm that racial bias persisted in the years after the study's original sample, but prior to the media coverage. Subsequent to the media coverage though, the bias completely disappeared. We examine potential mechanisms that may have produced this result and find that the most likely explanation is that upon becoming aware of their biases, individual referees changed their decision-making process. These results suggest that raising awareness of even subtle forms of bias can bring about meaningful change.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4675.
Date of creation: 2014
Date of revision:
discrimination; implicit bias;
Other versions of this item:
- Pope, Devin G. & Price, Joseph & Wolfers, Justin, 2014. "Awareness Reduces Racial Bias," IZA Discussion Papers 7945, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Devin G. Pope & Joseph Price & Justin Wolfers, 2013. "Awareness Reduces Racial Bias," NBER Working Papers 19765, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Pope, Devin G. & Price, Joseph & Wolfers, Justin, 2014. "Awareness Reduces Racial Bias," CEPR Discussion Papers 9868, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General
- K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law
- L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
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