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Family Structure and the Education Gender Gap: Evidence from Italian Provinces

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  • Graziella Bertocchi
  • Monica Bozzano

Abstract

We investigate the determinants of the education gender gap in Italy in historical perspective with a focus on the influence of family structure. We capture the latter with two indicators: residential habits (nuclear vs. complex families) and inheritance rules (partition vs. primogeniture). After controlling for economic, institutional, religious, and cultural factors, we find that family structure is a driver of the education gender gap, with a higher female to male enrollment rate ratio in upper primary schools being associated with nuclear residential habits and equal partition of inheritance. The effect tends to persist through the present day.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4460.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4460

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Keywords: education gender gap; Italian unification; family types; inheritance; institutions; religion; convergence;

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  1. Duflo, Esther, 2012. "Women's Empowerment and Economic Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 8734, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Graziella Bertocchi & Marianna Brunetti & Costanza Torricelli, 2012. "Is it money or brains? The determinants of intra-family decision power," Center for Economic Research (RECent) 083, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.
  3. Bertocchi, Graziella & Bozzano, Monica, 2013. "Women, Medieval Commerce, and the Education Gender Gap," IZA Discussion Papers 7224, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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