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What is European Integration Really About? A Political Guide for Economists

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  • Enrico Spolaore

Abstract

Europe’s monetary union is part of a broader process of integration that started in the aftermath of World War II. In this “political guide for economists” we look at the creation of the euro within the bigger picture of European integration. How and why were European institutions established? What are the goals and determinants of European Integration? What is European integration really about? We address these questions from a political-economy perspective, building on ideas and results from the economic literature on the formation of states and political unions. Specifically, we look at the motivations, assumptions, and limitations of the European strategy, initiated by Jean Monnet and his collaborators, of partially integrating policy functions in a few areas, with the expectation that more integration will follow in other areas, in a sort of chain reaction towards an “ever-closer union.” The euro with its current problems is a child of that strategy and its limits.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4283.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4283

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Keywords: European integration; monetary union; heterogeneity; functionalism;

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Cited by:
  1. Spolaore, Enrico, 2013. "What Is European Integration Really About? A Political Guide for Economists," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 141, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).

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