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Absenteeism, Unemployment and Employment Protection Legislation: Evidence from Italy

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  • Vincenzo Scoppa
  • Daniela Vuri

Abstract

Efficiency wages theories argue that the threat of firing, coupled with a high unemployment rate, is a mechanism that discourages employee shirking in asymmetric information contexts. Our empirical analysis aims to verify the role of unemployment as a worker discipline device, considering the different degree of job security offered by the Italian Employment Protection Legislation to workers employed in small and large firms. We use a panel of administrative data (WHIP) and consider sickness absences as an empirical proxy for employee shirking. Controlling for a number of individual and firm characteristics, we investigate the relationship between worker’s absences and local unemployment rate (at the provincial level). We find a strong negative impact of unemployment on absenteeism rate, which is considerable larger in small firms due to a significantly lower protection from dismissals in these firms. We also find that workers who are absent more frequently face higher risks of dismissal. As an indirect test of the role of unemployment as worker’s discipline device we show that public sector employees, almost impossible to fire, do not react to the local unemployment.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4064.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4064

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Keywords: shirking; absenteeism; employment protection legislation; unemployment;

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  1. Andrea Ichino & Regina T. Riphahn, 2005. "The Effect of Employment Protection on Worker Effort: Absenteeism During and After Probation," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 3(1), pages 120-143, 03.
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Cited by:
  1. Nicolas R. Ziebarth, 2009. "Long-Term Absenteeism and Moral Hazard: Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 888, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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