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Energy Consumption and Economic Growth Revisited in African Countries

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  • Jude C. Eggoh
  • Chrysost Bangaké
  • Christophe Rault

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide new empirical evidence on the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth for 21 African countries over the period from 1970 to 2006, using recently developed panel cointegration and causality tests. The countries are divided into two groups: net energy importers and net energy exporters. It is found that there exists a long-run equilibrium relationship between energy consumption, real GDP, prices, labor and capital for each group of countries as well as for the whole set of countries. This result is robust to possible cross-country dependence and still holds when allowing for multiple endogenous structural breaks, which can differ among countries. Furthermore, we find that decreasing energy consumption decreases growth and vice versa, and that increasing energy consumption increases growth, and vice versa, and that this applies for both energy exporters and importers. Finally, there is a marked difference in the cointegration relationship when country groups are considered.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3590.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3590

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Keywords: Africa; energy consumption; economic growth; panel cointegration; panel causality;

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Cited by:
  1. Ekrame Boubtane & Dramane Coulibaly & Christophe Rault, 2013. "Immigration, Growth, and Unemployment: Panel VAR Evidence from OECD Countries," LABOUR, CEIS, CEIS, vol. 27(4), pages 399-420, December.
  2. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Abosedra, Salah & Sbia, Rashid, 2013. "Energy Consumption, Financial Development and Growth: Evidence from Cointegration with unknown Structural breaks in Lebanon," MPRA Paper 46580, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Menegaki, Angeliki N., 2014. "On energy consumption and GDP studies; A meta-analysis of the last two decades," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 31-36.
  4. Al-mulali, Usama & Binti Che Sab, Che Normee, 2012. "The impact of energy consumption and CO2 emission on the economic and financial development in 19 selected countries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4365-4369.
  5. Eyup DOGAN, 2014. "Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence from Low-Income Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, Econjournals, vol. 4(2), pages 154-162.
  6. Can Tansel TUGCU, 2013. "Disaggregate Energy Consumption and Total Factor Productivity: A Cointegration and Causality Analysis for the Turkish Economy," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, Econjournals, vol. 3(3), pages 307-314.
  7. Boufateh, Talel & Ajmi, Ahdi Noomen & El Montasser, Ghassen & Issaoui, Fakhri, 2013. "Dynamic relationship between energy consumption and income in Tunisia: A SVECM approach," MPRA Paper 44539, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Tugcu, Can Tansel & Ozturk, Ilhan & Aslan, Alper, 2012. "Renewable and non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth relationship revisited: Evidence from G7 countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1942-1950.
  9. Mohamed El Hedi Arouri & Adel Ben Youssef & Hatem M’Henni & Christophe Rault, 2014. "Energy Use and Economic Growth in Africa: A Panel Granger-Causality Investigation," Working Papers, Department of Research, Ipag Business School 2014-481, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  10. Yusuf, Sulaimon Aremu, 2014. "Energy Sector is critical to Nigeria Growth and Development: Perspective to Electricity Sub-sector in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 55689, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Santos, Carlos Filipe & Fuinhas, José Alberto & Marques, António Cardoso, 2014. "O nexus energia-crescimento e o nível da auto-suficiência na produção de petróleo: análise com macro painel
    [Energy-growth nexus and oil self-sufficiency: macro panel analysis]
    ," MPRA Paper 57008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Yusuf, Sulaimon Aremu, 2014. "Impact of Energy Consumption and Environmental Degradation on Economic Growth in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 55529, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Dipa Adhikari & Yanying Chen, 2013. "Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Panel Cointegration Analysis for Developing Countries," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 3, pages 68-80, May.
  14. Ivan Faiella & Alessandro Mistretta, 2014. "Firms' energy costs and competitiveness in Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 214, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  15. Tang, Chor Foon & Abosedra, Salah, 2014. "The impacts of tourism, energy consumption and political instability on economic growth in the MENA countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 458-464.

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