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Offshoring along the Production Chain

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  • Philipp Harms
  • Oliver Lorz
  • Dieter M. Urban

Abstract

Recent contributions on offshoring often assume that firms can freely split their production process into separate steps which can be ranked according to the cost savings from producing abroad. We replace this assumption by the notion of a technologically determined sequence of production steps. In our model, cost savings from offshoring fluctuate along the production chain, and moving unfinished goods across borders causes transport costs. We show that, in such a setting, firms may refrain from offshoring even if relocating individual steps would be advantageous. Conversely, small variations in model parameters may lead to a large increase in offshoring activities.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 2564.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_2564

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Keywords: offshoring; international trade; vertical production chain;

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References

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  1. Arndt, Sven W., 1997. "Globalization and the open economy," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 71-79.
  2. Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Fragmentation and multinational production," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 935-945, April.
  3. Robert C. Feenstra & Gordon H. Hanson, 1995. "Foreign Direct Investment and Relative Wages: Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladoras," NBER Working Papers 5122, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Glass, Amy Jocelyn & Saggi, Kamal, 2001. "Innovation and wage effects of international outsourcing," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 67-86, January.
  5. Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2008. "Offshoring of routine tasks and (de)industrialisation: Threat or opportunity--And for whom?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 517-535, March.
  6. Egger, Hartmut & Egger, Peter, 2007. "Outsourcing and trade in a spatial world," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(3), pages 441-470, November.
  7. Ingo Geishecker & Holger Görg, 2008. "Winners and losers: a micro-level analysis of international outsourcing and wages," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 41(1), pages 243-270, February.
  8. Wilhelm Kohler, 2004. "International outsourcing and factor prices with multistage production," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(494), pages C166-C185, 03.
  9. Ronald W. Jones, 2000. "Globalization and the Theory of Input Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026210086x, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Toru Kikuchi & Sugata Marjit & Biswajit Mandal, 2013. "Trade with Time Zone Differences: Factor Market Implications," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(4), pages 699-711, November.
  2. Pol Antras & Davin Chor, 2012. "Organizing the Global Value Chain," Working Papers, Singapore Management University, School of Economics 25-2012, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
  3. Arnaud Costinot & Jonathan Vogel & Su Wang, 2011. "An Elementary Theory of Global Supply Chains," NBER Working Papers 16936, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Hess, Sebastian, 2011. "Outsourcing, Regional Trade and Specialization: An Application to in the German Pig Sector," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland, European Association of Agricultural Economists 114537, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  5. Predrag Bjelic & Ivan Markovic & Ivana Popovic Petrovic, 2012. "Transnational Companies And A Changing Structure Of International Trade," Montenegrin Journal of Economics, Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), Economic Laboratory for Transition Research (ELIT), vol. 8(4), pages 61-77.
  6. Philipp Harms & Jaewon Jung & Oliver Lorz, 2014. "Offshoring and Sequential Production Chains: A General-Equilibrium Analysis," Working Papers 14.01, Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee.
  7. Escaith, Hubert & Lindenberg, Nannette & Miroudot, Sébastien, 2010. "International Supply Chains and Trade Elasticity in Times of Global Crisis," MPRA Paper 20478, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Wilhelm Kohler & Jens Wrona, 2010. "Offshoring Tasks, yet Creating Jobs?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3019, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Silvia Rocha-Akis, 2012. "The Pain and Gain of Offshoring: The Effects of Tax Progression in a Segmented Labour Market," CESifo Working Paper Series 3739, CESifo Group Munich.
  10. Mandal, Biswajit & Marjit, Sugata & Nakanishi, Noritsugu, 2013. "Time Zones, Factor Prices and Inflow of Educational Capital: Changing Sectoral Composition," MPRA Paper 50883, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Hess, Sebastian, 2011. "Outsourcing Decisions Of Pig Producers In Baden-Württemberg," 51st Annual Conference, Halle, Germany, September 28-30, 2011, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA) 114509, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).

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