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Terms of Trade, Catch-up, and Home Market Effect: The Example of Japan

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  • Dieter M. Urban

Abstract

This paper explores theoretically and empirically the long run relation of the terms of trade (ratio of domestic and foreign prices of traded manufacturing goods) and economic growth of a pair of industrialized countries, one of which experiences a major catch-up process towards the other. It is shown theoretically that there is no mean reversion of the terms of trade towards PPP during a catch-up process, which suggests very long half-life times of terms of trade. Two theoretical interdependencies between the terms of trade and economic growth are offered: the home market effect and the productivity shock effect. These two effects are testedagainst each other in a cointegration analysis for Japan and the US from 1957 until 1997. Income appears to be a relevant variable to explain the terms of trade in the Post-Bretton-Woods era. The relevant empirical channel is the home market effect. However, financial market effects appear also to be relevant.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 2164.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_2164

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Keywords: convergence; real exchange rates; PPP; terms of trade; cointegration;

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