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Economic, Demographic and Political Determinants of Pollution Reassessed: A Sensitivity Analysis

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  • Martin Gassebner
  • Michael Lamla
  • Jan-Egbert Sturm

Abstract

Recent literature proposes many variables as significant determinants of pollution. This paper gives an overview of this literature and asks which of these factors have an empirically robust impact on water and air pollution, i.e. do not depend upon the conditioning information set. For this, we apply Extreme Bound Analysis (EBA) on a panel of 208 countries covering the period 1960–2001. We find supportive evidence on the existence of the environmental Kuznets curve. Furthermore, mainly demographic variables and variables capturing the economic structure of a country contribute in explaining air and water pollution.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 1699.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1699

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Keywords: pollution; environment; sensitivity analysis; environmental Kuznets curve;

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Cited by:
  1. Seo-Young Cho & Axel Dreher & Eric Neumayer, 2011. "Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 96, Courant Research Centre PEG, revised 16 Jan 2012.
  2. Andreas Fuchs & Axel Dreher & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2012. "Determinants of Donor Generosity: A Survey of the Aid Budget Literature," Kiel Working Papers 1789, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. repec:eid:wpaper:02/10 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Michael Lamla, 2007. "Long-run Determinants of Pollution: A Robustness Analysis," KOF Working papers 07-164, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  5. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chiu, Yi-Bin & Sun, Chia-Hung, 2010. "The environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis for water pollution: Do regions matter?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 12-23, January.
  6. Morley, Bruce, 2010. "Empirical Evidence on the Effectiveness of Environmental Taxes," Department of Economics Working Papers 18105, University of Bath, Department of Economics.
  7. Nguyen-Van, Phu, 2010. "Energy consumption and income: A semiparametric panel data analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 557-563, May.

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