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Gender Unemployment Gaps: Evidence from the New EU Member States

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  • Alena Bicakova

Abstract

Using EU LFS data, we analyze gender unemployment gaps in eight new EU member states – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, the three Baltic states and Slovenia – over the last decade. While there are substantial unemployment gaps in the four central European countries and, more recently, also in Slovenia, there is no statistical difference between female and male unemployment rates in the three Baltic states. The estimated cost of having children, in terms of the higher probability of unemployment and lower unemployment to employment transition rate, is the highest in countries with the longest and most substantial drop in the labor force participation of women after childbirth. We show that country differences in family leave policies can explain much of the cross-country variation in the gender unemployment gaps.

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Paper provided by The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague in its series CERGE-EI Working Papers with number wp410.

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Date of creation: May 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cer:papers:wp410

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Keywords: Gender Unemployment Gap; Labor Force Participation; Family Leave Policies;

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  1. Dupuy, Arnaud & Fernández-Kranz, Daniel, 2007. "International Differences in the Family Gap in Pay: The Role of Labor Market Institutions," IZA Discussion Papers 2719, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Ghazala Azmat & Maia Guell & Alan Manning, 2004. "Gender gaps in unemployment rates in OECD countries," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19995, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Stěpán Jurajda, 2005. "Gender Segregation and Wage Gap: An East-West Comparison," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 598-607, 04/05.
  4. Stephen R. G. Jones & W. Craig Riddell, 1999. "The Measurement of Unemployment: An Empirical Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(1), pages 147-162, January.
  5. Andrea Brandolini & Piero Cipollone & Eliana Viviano, 2006. "Does The Ilo Definition Capture All Unemployment?," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 4(1), pages 153-179, 03.
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Cited by:
  1. Martin Guzi, 2013. "An Empirical Analysis of Welfare Dependence in the Czech Republic," Discussion Papers 16, Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI).

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