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Why do Software Manufacturers Tolerate Piracy in Transition and Less Developed Countries? A theoretical model

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  • Michael Kunin
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    Abstract

    This paper provides an explanation as to why software manufacturers from developed countries tolerate widespread copyright infringement in less developed countries and often even offer local versions of their products. In a simple two-period framework, I show that if network externalities are present and an improvement in copyright enforcement is expected, then it is profitable for the software manufacturer to enter the market even if it incurs losses in the beginning when copyright enforcement is weak.

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    File URL: http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp231.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague in its series CERGE-EI Working Papers with number wp231.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:cer:papers:wp231

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    Related research

    Keywords: Intellectual property rights; Software; Piracy; Transition; Network externalities.;

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    1. Deardorff, Alan V, 1992. "Welfare Effects of Global Patent Protection," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 59(233), pages 35-51, February.
    2. Economides, Nicholas, 1996. "The economics of networks," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 673-699, October.
    3. Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, December.
    4. Katz, Michael L & Shapiro, Carl, 1985. "Network Externalities, Competition, and Compatibility," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 424-40, June.
    5. Marron, Donald B & Steel, David G, 2000. "Which Countries Protect Intellectual Property? The Case of Software Piracy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 38(2), pages 159-74, April.
    6. Johnson, William R, 1985. "The Economics of Copying," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(1), pages 158-74, February.
    7. Zigic, Kresimir, 1998. "Intellectual property rights violations and spillovers in North-South trade," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 1779-1799, November.
    8. Kathleen Reavis Conner & Richard P. Rumelt, 1991. "Software Piracy: An Analysis of Protection Strategies," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 37(2), pages 125-139, February.
    9. M. Scott Taylor, 1993. "TRIPS, Trade, and Technology Transfer," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(3), pages 625-37, August.
    10. Michael Stolpe, 2000. "Protection Against Software Piracy: A Study Of Technology Adoption For The Enforcement Of Intellectual Property Rights," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(1), pages 25-52.
    11. Joshua Slive & Dan Bernhardt, 1998. "Pirated for Profit," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(4), pages 886-899, November.
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